Rocket Korean

North Korean Rocket Attack

Rosenstein won moments of inactivity – ’ soldiers, cigars, read, enjoy, relax and posing for the camera. Impressive: The photos show Rosenstein talent behind the lens; Her niece, said would spend profits through the use of multiple images of the inspection: this image seems to show, is kicking treated for lice soldiers back: Rosenstein sits like a pampering session through your nails place tends to be, hair care and Larkin to boot polishing: capture pictures of large numbers of mellow moments Rosenstein and friendships with men who serve together show an obvious talent like RitrattistaCi where Rosenstein has promoted people, the questions you many photos your goal. MS. Mellon has of his grandfather: ‘ after my grandmother, who was a prison guard. Probably, used money won in poker to purchase film there are hundreds, probably about 1 mile slide. ‘ my grandfather died before I was born, but my grandma tells me stories, as he was teaching mathematics at GIS and earn money from card counting poker. The three-year war, which took place between 1950 and 1953, killing at least 4 million people between civilians and military in the North and China, South Korea and the United States and its allies in the United Nations. More than 36,000 deaths of U.S. soldiers, of whom over 8,000 missing on both sides of the Korea Peninsula. Adorable: Rosenstein concentrated itself on Koreans, including children, in their daily lives during the war documentation further: Michaela Mellen believes that his father took nearly 1,000 photographs and fascinating in Korea: Internet commentators have praised the photographs by rose stone and looked liked - those in Korea photo; serving Rosenstein is here to see: murderous war, which took place between 1950 and 1953, killed at least 4 million people of inactivity: Rosenstein captures to relax a companion of the Sun: the collection provides an amazing overview of the Korea war. Since the beginning of the war, general MacArthur, a counter-offensive in Inchon-Seoul, hoping to deliver strategic solar plexus of Korea. At the beginning of the meeting, we thought that the idea of the landing of the 1st Division of the Cavalry at Inchon and from 4 to 8 July, caused by personnel from the amphibious group of this problem. But the rapid advance of the enemy, which made the task of this plan for the decision, to support the Cavalry at Pohang, simple translation of the idea actually includes a landing of assault and placed a requirement for troops amphibiously which trained. Not artificially, July 10, landing it was decided in the wake of Pohang, was also the day of ’ before CincFE application for a division of Marines. Repeated twice in the days that followed, movement of Maj. Gen. Oliver was fruits, with the consent of the JCS in Korea the July s. Smith, 1st Marine Corps Division, USMC, with arrival in November or December. But the next day an urgent request for a review of this date CincFE coincided with his assertion that his arrival before 10 September, was essential to achieve a decisive blow. And general MacArthur was informed that marine 25 1 °, Deputy air Division but at least an RCT, received the order to prepare a performance between 10 and 15 August. This obligation was known, was an administrative extraordinary result. From a point of strength of the Navy 28 000 took less than half that in the Pacific, was more than 20,000 men not to mention some fact of a Division, FMF, that additional staff or 4,000 marine 1 wing of the aircraft, without disorganization full fleet Marine Force Atlantic and maintaining the facility. Only the decision by President 19 July ’ call marine protected area leader allowed to promise the Division; Marina a quick arrival is desirable and possible to trust only the advanced date of departure; the adequate amphibious lift availability may just have this confidence. For these circumstances by interlocking CincFE for planning an operation enabled mid-September was, but in the end of July and beginning of August, it was inevitably a moment of frenzy controlled at Camp Pendleton, the personal safety of FMFLant developed units and reserves as and integrates the extension forces violently. In itself quite difficult is, this work is known further complicated by the need, as a replacement for the Brigade in Korea, to offer a request, by mid-August for a series of movements of troops in the West in the carpet flew is. However, began despite of all obstacles of loading on the 8. August, two days earlier than planned. So far, that the Division has promised that general MacArthur was simply a second ACE, 1 °-Marines, more support and troops from the Central Administration and the balance of the marine aircraft wing 1. But on 10 August, the Brigade was attack in the Taedabok pass and the second expedition from San Diego, third RCT was ordered and a third of the mobilization, to enable 7 Marines. Arrival of the Regiment in dramatic action would be what can be achieved by a force with a high level of preparation in the Advanced mode of transport provided an amazing demonstration. One-third of the strength of the regiment was a third of reservation call to active duty, the Marine Corps of the Marines 2 ° in the Atlantic Division was captured, and the rest was provided by a battalion of Marines, then 6 in the Mediterranean and staff at various locations in the United States. Five weeks and two days after activation on August 17, formal, this regiment was in contact with the enemy and convergence to Camp Pendleton, convergence of length of 260 degrees West from the Atlantic coast and in the East of Crete, Incheon, South Korea followed by the entire staff of the United States. Critical days in mid-August, which saw the Marine Brigade ran north direction Naktong, the output from the West coast of the first elements of the Division and fly also Mediterranean navigation AKA Bexar APA Montague Division Commander and his staff, living up to the West by the Pacific 7 Battalion Marines prospective ’. The command, with the introduction of the concept of the three phases of the operations on the Peninsula now manages some intellectual stuff outside of Korean chaos, at least in the upper levels. The first of these phases ahead involved termination of North Korea, the second strengthening of United Nations troops in the perimeter for offensive actions, third amphibious counter-offensive. However, these phases were not fully divisible. Planning for three-phase should begin before the success of the first phase was carried out; the requirements of the first two phases have serious consequences in terms of the availability of forces for the Inchon landing. This was intended for the operation of two divisions with the 1st naval infantry division led the attack. Unique seemed the presence of this unit in the far East now certain, but their ACE fully bonded in the perimeter, and perhaps not in time for the first landing. Given the scarcity of remains Theater forces, require some specific problems the solution before planning can go forward. The availability of the Marine Brigade should be ensured; a further Division had to be found to follow the Marines through the beaches; The headquarters of the body was required to monitor the behavior of aggression after the campaign. In regard to the first condition was the communiqué of the Brigade was promised by CincFE and bad news at General Walker. Follow-up activity was 7 ° Infantry Division, General David g. Barr, United States of America, the last of the units of the divisions before the war at the top of the far East, which, to fill the ranks of the units had been the first skeleton in Korea and then amplified through the integration of a few South Korean 6oo 8 recruits. To solve the problem of the command suggested borrowing organization a prepackaged for marine force Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor, or create a temporary space available at the personal bodyguard of Japan. Although the Marines were eager, could the decision that CincFE is a temporary seat of the X Corps was devoted to locally; Command of the body men would be passed by major General Edward Almond, United States, Chief of staff of the command of the far East. With the expected landing force remained there and put it on the Earth. It would be the work of the joint task force 7, components combined naval force of X corresponds to the part of the body, the Kommando was assigned to Admiral Struble. The Commander of the Mission of the task force, the joint 7 went to Earth x Corps to take day j H-Hora, on the West coast of Korea and securing the Kimpo Airport, Incheon and Seoul and the cutting lines of communication from North Korea. This achieved, further harvest as x Corps in the army of North Korea from the South of the Uljin nuclear power plant-Seoul Incheon in conjunction with an offensive and naval forces of eighth army and destroy with the support of the theatre. A large part of this planning had water over the dam before August 22, when the Commander of the 1st Marine Infantry Division in Tokyo arrived. CincFE issued its directive of chromite in the 12. and the Concord ’ derivation of the deployment plan was published in the 20th century has been. General Smith had heard only rumors of their task, but you now have the floor. Two hours after his arrival communicated after filling triggered by Navy planners in Tokyo, the Commander of the Navy had an audience with general MacArthur to CincFE his vision of inevitable victory. 3-4 July. Other ships of the Royal Navy and the United States supported the evacuation of refugees and the movement of the forces of the United States Army and of Japan's compared to the Korea supplies. The coastal waters along the shores of the embattled nation banned North Korea's energetic marine amphibious warfare ROK efforts. In early July it was clear that the invaders would not return to foreign intervention. In the course of the month although seized control of the air and sea certainly by troops of the United Nations, North Korea has regularly pushed ROK and the army of the United States in the southeast corner of the Korean peninsula. A successful defense stubbornly saw August 1950 and the first two weeks of the month of September at an angle, an increasingly desperate North Korean army tried mightily to break Pusan perimeter. Meanwhile, reinforcements, including the aircraft carrier and the first of the Marines, Ocean Pacific arrived. Air and attacks against the enemy, has been deeply cut in the offensive ability. In Japan, a daring amphibious counterattack in preparation was a process that opens its second and final defensive war at an early stage. This image features with reference to the beginnings of the war in Korea and provides links to a pictorial coverage of the first phase of the war, from 25 June until 15 September 1950. Find more images of the first months of the Korea war see:. Map of 13 North to 5 parallel, 30 September 1950 –, click on the map for higher resolution (218 KB). From a meteorological perspective, a war in Korea is a problem of naval power, the largest part of the peninsula of ’ time has produced from the land mass of the Earth. However, there is a kind of compensation for the fact that typhoons offers the biggest threat to military operations and affect the area the birthplace of the ocean and back in his passage by Marianne North West. His season, which begins in June and continues until mid-September, had so far with the war fell. Grace, which had difficulties that had caused the landing at Pohang, two sisters, was softer, but September has brought more problems. Day 3, Jane had forced the evacuation of the Japan Okinawa patrol Squadron and node, by Kobe was noisy until IO damaging boats and equipment of marine infantry division, a program to a whole day already talking load and and withdraw the air assigned to support Brigade by Ashiya has been reduced. A week later, as the strike force was to leave, Kezia by Marianne would cross their arrival in the Tsushima Strait, 12 or 13, like amphibian animal transport dock was on the way. Since the loss of the Duke of Medina Sidonia ’ marine, the influence of the climate in the major naval operations has deeply influenced the history of the West. in the East, a unique precedent is provided by kamikaze, the divine wind by 1281, which gives the second Mongol Japan of invasion of. Modern fleets are also vulnerable to these threats have appeared during the second World War: the invasion of North Africa, Admiral Hewitt had to compensate their meteorologist force far; Council against pessimistic reports the landing in Sicily have time more difficult; Overlord itself had to be postponed; and two typhoons caused serious problems for Admiral Halsey's 3rd fleet ’. now the same question before Rear Admiral Struble and even unbearable: Admiral Hewitt had made available, with the alternative invasion but here beaches on the Mediterranean Sea, there was no other solution. General Dwight d. Eisenhower was the Overlord, but the tides of Inchon act not to be shifted. Assuming that perhaps in the hope that the storm recurve could, Struble commanded the attack of Kobe shipping one day more earlier than expected and in darkness in the early morning of 11 to: Rochester from Yokosuka. The next morning, Admiral Doyle was left Kobe Mount McKinley and we towards Fort van Diemen Strait. In the night passing the Kyushu is in rough seas, Doyle learned that this transport group reversed the course in the East; This was immediately countermarched back to escape the storm, to collect, during the Mount McKinley in Sasebo CincFE and other spectators GHQ. Prospects were still unclear, but in the morning of the small cruiser 12 ° Manchester, separately working in the United States was in the middle of Typhoon 150 miles south of Kyushu and tracking radar have seven nodes in the Yellow Sea direction were shown. But fortune favors the brave. Kezia bent and effective because it happened in the southeast corner of Kyushu in the afternoon of 13 ° StrikeForce was unclear. The departure of after the fire of life, the escort carrier had inhabited only by the waters of the Commonwealth Incheon and ROK forces to leave and the plane thrown on the station monitoring maintained blocking by a patrol of the unique, around the clock in the Yellow Sea. But working with the ROK Navy: Lee continue operating; PC 703 sank a sailboat planted mines on Haeju 10 and 12 to three smaller boats in the approaches to the Incheon. And now, as the attack before plowing through the seas force the curse and heavy, the Marines in the halls of the force your fate, the target data rate of operations in the region began to rise again. Also Kezia even warned, a patrol which were aircraft on the basis of the Japanese evacuated, to Okinawa, and where the plans for a larger search of anti-submarine around the force of the impending attack, called, could be stolen without these incursions into reality. But 12, D-3, task force 77 in the Yellow Sea, in an area 120 kilometers south of Inchon. In the 12th and 13th strikes, which is designed to seal flew area against installations on the ground around the lens and lines of communication or the field during the Jets swept the Northern airfields. Day 13, D-2, a special combat patrol was deployed through the life of the bomber group. Day 14, as transport groups and the tractor approached the goal and put the bombing to life, transfer of aircraft were in operation and call on the West coast of South Korea. Triumph was the Kunsan area that provide transport combat patrol South of 36 degrees remain four fighters for immediate release on air. Carrier Division 15 was provided air patrol telescope at the train station, and in addition to the Veterans of the guard to cover the expedition North of 36 degrees available and the life I keep fighting against the bombing of ships. Carrier fast Yellow Sea supported a tactical Coordinator-air in the field of Inchon from dawn until the sun sets and you three strikes, morning, noon and afternoon all 16. The small island of life, a large part of this object of the application form an equilateral triangle, a little more than a kilometer on one side with its eastern border extends North and South and skewer, the enhanced angle. Saliva - data bank a mile driveway leads North in Inchon; Western corner of approximately the same length runs south of the island Sowolmi. Life had the reputation to be defended by the enemy artillery, and thought that it was so hard. Although much of the upper floor of Cardiv 15 pilots burned, and very significant air, to support the attack Marina strength available, was viewed naval preparation for filming as essential. When the Pacific war have proven anything, it's the virtue of the Navy defended fire for an attack on a target. Given the nature of the fortifications of the Japanese island, cannot replace there is direct, slowly and deliberately fire aspired goals specific and close delivered and Tarawa to this technical progress has been remarkable. Storm troopers feared so much more the best preparation, but in a particular task, which was at the time available for these playoffs is subject to different and often contradictory aspects. Incheon, South Korea since always the case: due to the nature of the continental goal was less possible as the preparation time would more means more resistance to the landing. A preliminary decision about the efforts of a single day followed by further discussions between the parties concerned and the tenth Struble has changed his plan for the activities of the expedition. Bombing of at least 2 d and the next day if necessary. Deployment plan is determined as responsible for this attack with Admiral Higgins ’ fire support group activity 90.6 Group; the narrow waters of the port of Inchon placed the brunt with the captain of the destroyer Allan ’. Hydrographic conditions also led to the decision, with the wave of flooding and anchor, go, so that the ships at sea during the bombing and pension in the event of damage would result, could be simplified. 0700-updated 13 destroyer launched vertebral Canal, Mansfield at the top, followed by Swenson, Havre, Collett, well and Henderson. Behind the destroyer comes from cruise ships: Rochester embedded with Admiral Struble, Toledo with Admiral Higgins, Jamaica and Kenya. In orbit, the ground is an aerial patrol task force 77 combat, set, while forces of the ocean are preparing to launch an attack, which would hit the island just before the arrival of the destroyers. 1010, support group approaches committed the port of Inchon. Decision by the flood in several meanings, as in 1145, advantage proved to be a string of mine to the harbour in the area was found in the British cruisers shelled the port ten days previously had. Here was a threat that the bomber group was ill-prepared. First positive observation of TBE was me on September 4, southwest of Chinnamp 'o' o, the destroyer McKean; three days later, North of the British units through the same waters had found a lot of tanks; in the10th Korean PC 703 sank a minor Haeju and reported that he had undermined the Haeju manhole. In Tokyo, on the same day Admiral Struble had discussed the problem of the Zeche CincFE: contacts had mines was transferred to Incheon on the approaches, was the opinion of the Commander joint task force 7 working group could be enforced. If the approaches with modern influence mines was been salted, the situation was more doubtful. all I could do was to go. A conference with Concord led to a recommendation at the earlier recovery of AMS CincPacFleet the next day, Admiral Radford has adopted this application of the CRO and additional sweepers in the far East began. But it would be reinforcements were to arrive, had preceded the invasion was planned sweep and not seven deminers in the theater were present two days with transport group. Before sunset, which were ordered with the velocity of the target of the maximum area, but at the moment, the best was, what he could do. It can have more more mines channel; Had no way of knowing it. Henderson, destroyer of the tip of the tail, cut off to get on as much as he could by pulling until the flood covered and the other destroyers in the direction of life. The young June 25, 1950, the cold war was hot, bloody and costly. Within days, the invasion of North Korea Korea, South led to a police force of the United Nations against the attackers. Immediately, he produced a high turnout, marine and military of the United States. Although he has no illusion that the task would be simple, no one expects that this would stop violent conflict for more than three years. While it was in 1950, the United States and other countries concerned United Nations the rapids of the army of North Korea tried, included gather the forces needed to defeat him and start at the same time, to respond to what was perceived as a global Communist world military challenge. Although the armed forces of the United States several years punish suffered budgetary constraints had, at the end of the second world war only five years ago has much potential for recovery. United States-book elements are abundant relatively modern boats, planes, military equipment and production capacities, which could at a fraction of the time that it needs be reactivated, to build a new. Importantly, the organized forces of the reserve include tens of thousands of qualified, whose Erfahrungen with the second world war was still quite fresh and relevant. Bold, one broke in September 1950 in Inchon invasion Amphibous machine war in North Korea's. In the two months following hosts pressed quickly by North Korea. But with victory seemingly in sight, China openly intervened and defeated the Soviet Union not so open, along with other communist neighbors. The United Nations must be halfway to South Korea. At the beginning of the new year, the Chinese army was to transform the content and through forced to remove. In 1951, the first line had stabilized a subject, where 12 months before the war began. Started talks in the hope that a cease-fire at the beginning can be licensed. But it took two years more frustrating, during which he fought with the Navy United States competitors offer extensive air and fire support, a constant threat to amphibians, relentlessly remove logistics me and great effort. Finally on July 27, 1953, with a new regime in the USSR and the blockage of a final Communist offensive completed negotiations and the fight ended. The cold war heats up the Korean experience, which preserves its existence for almost four decades by more expensive but significantly. This page contains a selection of views of the war of Korea, chosen among the most comprehensive coverage on the following pages: 65 share also if you go the Armistice of Kaesong talks the mission to rescue air Squadron 3 3 rescue helicopter air, as he gently to the ground in a Korean soldier wounded, aboard on a stretcher by medical 7. Moved July 1951. A few minutes, this soldier under professional supervision of a physician in one of the surgical hospitals will be equipped mobile on the back. The patient in capsules of helicopters showed loaded two Korean workers doors «A» stacked. More than 2300 lives were saved by rescuers of the air used in the far East air force during the Korea war. The illustration shows all save 3 rescue plane. (AP Photo). In the night of the 24 and 38 of the June 25, 1950, the North Korean Army crossed the parallel. At dawn, South Korean guards a further skirmish on border was minor, but is quickly rendered account unless a full-scale invasion. Small arms are equipped as a competitor to the production of Soviet tanks and artillery North Koreans. In four days, the Communists captured Seoul. Less than a month, the remains of the South Korean army and the UN troops arrived, which is contained in a small area in Korea from South-East to the city of Pusan. As she grew in strength, allies began in the Pusan perimeter forces are gaining ground, but with the luxury, all efforts focus on a small area to total force was the Communists perilously close to the allies of the peninsula. General Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Commander of United Nations of troops, decided to a second front open, forcing its resources to Kim Il-Sung, and at the same time press the army to Pusan, in a low point. He decided to invade at Inchon, a small town on the West coast of South Korea. The invasion was planned for September 15, where the tides are high enough to cross the mudflats by port of discharge. In spite of the Kim Il-Sung not to strengthen the city and was informed quickly with low loss of the Allied invasion. There were now available in five divisions of ROK General Walker, consisting of most of the four divisions of the United States Army and marine brigades. Although contemporary estimates North Korea gave a great numerical superiority, it seems that Nations of United against violence easily outperform enemy. But it was the esteem in which the image was created, and in each case there was a serious lack of reserves: where North Korea's people's Army ’, to maintain the initiative and with victory in sight, he could afford in Exchange for significant results to EUSAK accept heavy losses, the loss was a question gives rise to serious concern. Only in the sea and in the air consists of the United Nations has important advantages. If the correct use of air force aircraft, naval war and Navy could thwart supply ships and fire of the enemy ’ superiority of numbers, it is assumed that it was possible to hold the line with skill and courage. So far not in question come. The Mission of the celebration seemed more problematic. Although the snake around the enemy to pursue back home was not at the moment is serious, the highest levels was regarded as an asset. For General MacArthur looked like a landing at Inchon, followed by the seizure of Seoul, promised the Korean communication network, the best hope for a quick decision. For this landing and amputated the invaders of their sources of supply, dock and strength were trained amphibious necessary amphibian animal transport. Repeated requests by CincFE for the first transmission of the 1st Marine Division have been answered finally end July; the Division went to the West Coast in mid-August. But although this is a large marked not too objective, other difficulties you wish. The goal, which had laid the heart, so desirable strategically MacArthur, General heavy tactical order presents difficulties. The wave in the Yellow Sea and hydrography of the Incheon port have been expensive; Enter the LSTs to beach with accessories for the attack force requires a flurry of 29 meters and the floods of this magnitude are limited to a period of three days per month. Then, the strategy about astronomy and the future of war is based on the phases of the moon. A period of high tide would come in mid-September and double-fix for this date for the command of the United Nations. The Korean had to maintain the balance in the six weeks of surgery. The Division of the Navy was on time arrive. In early August the perimeter, where the eighth army was to his defense, had taken nearly its final form. Until the end of July, the North Korean invaders continued their advance from four fronts, with a column in the band aside, two Southeast, along the main streets of Seoul and a force of moving right along the Central hills of the accompaniment. Late discovery of this last movement, which fought small units of the ROK, had misrepresented the call by transport strikes, in the eastern region of Kunsan and movement of a battalion of the regiment 29 West Hadong Pusan on the South coast. In the week from 29 July to 5 August saw the United States and the Republic of Korea forces to retreat all along the line. In the Northwest, the communist armies advanced 35 miles around, diffuse through the wall and down into the Valley of the Nakdong, arrival of Waegwan. In the northern part of the Hill repulsed the enemy 15 miles a HotelTravel.com hotel of Andong in upper Nakdong. In the South, Hadong, the case went wrong; The battalion U.S. and the related ROK troops invaded during about 100 survivors were evacuated from small boats by ROK naval Chinae base, and others fled by land, victims more than 50%. Earlier this week were the positions of the United Nations to Hadong North of the gap between the docks and Nakdong, Kum Northeast and Southeast of the coast of Yongdok a HotelTravel.com hotel. At the end of the week, the UN troops instead of just one-seventh part of the territory of the Republic of Korea and had an area of about 100 km from North to South and a little more than half of compressed were, from East to West. Ted-ni, on the South side of the line ran North of the Nakdonggang and by Andong at Yongdok, where the ROK forces by naval guns still fast support. Although area defence had reduced payouts the previous week, she had complicated the problems of human rights defenders; Paradoxically, the scope on the front was extended the contraction. During the phase of the withdrawal problem tactic has been to stop the development of North Korea along the main roads. But now, with the enemy in the watershed of the Nakdong, his spearheads were more bound by the masses and more room for manoeuvre. In the North of the advance of Andong, who he in pure knocked out and an East-West Highway, which leads to the Yongdok movement East of the 12 Division strengthening Pohang was followed by the attack. In the Northwest of the Chair, to open communication with the page Waegwan is the central mass of the Hill and the Communist force moves southwards on the pressure line of the Nakdong River. It is also a serious threat for Taegu, where he established the Government of the Republic of Korea, where he had an important and where the fifth air force established Centre for joint operations. The enemy within the air force landing circle was forced, his aircraft from Japan and the JOC in Pusan, with all the complications in the communication and control of these movements. Also I'm glad that this perspective provides location seen North ordered the capture of Taegu and Pusan is highlighted by the North Korean operation of Sesto order on 3 August. ? The enemy must be disappointed in this respect. But the road now larger system allows, again available its strength, and during August, strong leverage on four points in the district. Waegwan online Western front of the Nakdong Yongsan and communication have been in two main areas. Two are the pages in Pohang, on the East Coast and in the South between Masan and Chinju. It is in this southern zone where the most immediate in Busan, which pose threat to the movement flanking enemy seemed planned General Walker his first counter-offensive. These ruins of the Navy Brigade attack was forward ordered and has been combined with two randomised controlled trials of the 25th Division in Kean-task-force. The Korea Division in two parts, from the end of the second world war. Before this time a colony of Japan was continuously since then in the 1910s, although the Korean people, to regain their freedom. His dream has been finally available, when the second World War II allies promised independence, but can not specified what information make the establishment of a Government. If the Japan surrendered, the Japanese commanders in Korea in the North of the 38th parallel to the Russian armed forces, and South of the parallel allies surrender order passing to the armed forces of the United States. The Division should be a temporary, until they could hold a national election. The United Nations has a Commission to monitor the elections in 1948, but the Soviet Union refused to participate in the North. Instead the Communist Party of Korea decided the North, Kim Il-Sung, who had spent several years in exile in Moscow, as their leader. Choose South Syngman Rhee, who had spent years in exile with the provisional Government of Korea in Shanghai, as President of the National Assembly. At the same time, the Soviet Government has proposed troops foreign put an end to the Korean peninsula in 1948. The United States has agreed to, but it was another year before he his troops. During the withdrawal, promised to help to build the army of the Republic of Korea, but the first aid allowance for 1950 was planned. In the meantime, the troops entrenched shots on both sides of the 38 ° parallel and regularly. 10 card. The time of the crisis, 25 August – September 4, 1950, click the map for higher resolution (218 KB). 28, received a further list of bridges, the FEAF and a schedule for the future operation of Concord, as task force 77 was South Korea and salvage spare parts flew aircraft from Japan. Activity on the West Coast now would be the start of a sequence Secondly: 31 makes a day in the reconstitution and strikes follow two days of strikes, in – 5 4 September. Continuing the trend of the perimeter. Where is ’ asked for shipping CincFE 23, 29 close support was from the JOC final period ’ new message Concord called easy strike this day there. In fact, there is no support for missions and 29 attacks were directed against bridges, airports and roads to Seoul-Incheon and South. FAFJK wait more and had asked four air strikes every 20 minutes during day, but her Office, delayed by the lack of communication was received too late to allow conformity. 30 days use even his new freedom, fast carrier attack, bridge, port, shipping and Agua-Obras Chinnamp 'o' o by Pyongyang and its goals, the rail and the road to the North and at the end of these operations southward into the stock on the fuel dampened and reset the southwestern Korea. Along the perimeter of that modest 31 operations, as both sides were still to prepare for the future. General Walker had led, in a higher resistance and reduce the pressure to relieve the 24 Department for a well-deserved relaxation. Masan marine in the grain of the patches Brigade enjoyed his tenth day of the rest of the fight and took over the training of Marines in Korea, and on the next operation to prepare. At sea, the activity was systematic in nature: fire is ships in support of Bruno and Pohang remained occupied, ROK Navy was full, but bombing a pipeline in the Northeast had stopped, temporarily. Air force available to support the scope was decreased the enemy pressure and the demands of the invasion of Inchon also on the decline. Fifth air force worked from bases to the Japan and its total daily support fell well below the beginning of August; Sicily, went after four days in support of Pohang, Sasebo, where she preceded Badoeng Strait, remain there and where both were up to 5 September; Admiral Ewen ’ bring for the FO-77 to isolate their spending plans for the next four days, North of the railway - the future battlefield. But changed plans and all plans and for the development of the biggest crisis so far disposed of. Table 10 operating Marines, reorganization of the September 12, 1950, in spite of high investment in a naval fire support landing Inchon even lateral forces on the scope templates. Been strengthened on September 12, after a suggestion by Admiral Sherman, distinct groups of operational activities within the Concord and the support of Korea, group of 96.5, activity developed 95 task force. Overall command of the United Nations blockade and escort assigned to force Rear Admiral Allan e. Smith; Work group self-help Group West Coast 95.1, is now under the control of Admiral Andrewes and coast under Admiral Hartman. In preparation for the eighth army offensive and ’ as a movement of the branch in coordination with the landing, with Hartman Inchon ’ ships bombarded achieving Samchok on December 14 and 15, where the last date Helena and the brush is along with Maddox and Missouri, the first battleship, Korean waters. Five years ago, as one of the 23 armoured assets for the fleet of the United States, she found Missouri in Tokyo Bay takes a Kingdom; five weeks earlier, the only device of its kind, it has the pier 88 North of the River with a load of training Cadet summer cruise lied. Now in a different hemisphere, the demolition of the barrel showed the possibility of 16 inch at a cost of 52 shells HC Samchok rail bridge destroyed and another damaged. Upcoming offensive outstanding units of the Republic of Korea had provided more fire control parts under the army of Pohang. But the help of the sea was during the first days of the operation aborted due to an amphibious landing carried out, regardless of the eighth army reduced. 15 September a landing of the Republic of Korea in Changsadong tried guerrilla after the enemy lines, wrong: the Korean Merchant Navy LST came and was hidden during the landing. the troops withdrew after capturing his first goal with the help of an improvised fire support of Endicott, beached their ships and asked for help. Is, in the 19th century ships from Pusan to save and prevent the destruction of this force at the same time requires effort Hartman on bombing of the Admiral ’ to force art. 45 destroyed on February 3, 1951, in the ruins of his house by a fire in Suwon smoking is a wandering Korean Allied troops who burned could Maisonsqui offer to the Red Army protection. Native ships is only recognizable possessions in the ruins of other native houses in the background. (AP Photo/Jim Pringle). in November, and the nights are cool. Behind food fuel and to speed up with men and emergency funds for the winter, eighth army under strong pressure by the CincFE to your progress. In this situation, and whether it location North Beach was adapted by LST, Cree anxious new EUSAK to open the door of the Chinnamp'o 'O. is situated ten kilometers of flood of the river Taedong, Chinnamp' o' or in Pyongyang as Inchon to Seoul. How, Incheon has a disability of his position on the East Coast in the Yellow Sea. For 30 miles Islands and coasts by mud, more or less line approach; inside the ropes, the channel reduced to a mere quarter mile-wide Strait you call sudo; Currents of the tides in the river three and one half node from flooding and four average return. The door had a dredging of the basin, which could absorb some ships and rail Spurs, as well as some devices of exhaust gases; There are areas that could take lst. But she had through air raids were damaged, were it was less than half of the Incheon an extreme shortage and the maximum capacity of the port. But with all its flaws, Chinnamp 'o' o was unique. The alternative is not provided. Its opening was necessary. Chromite was still in the pipeline back up North had begun. Although strong, committed along the coast and engaged in the evacuation of the refugees, the ROK Navy was able to mount offensive operations. Commander Luosey, exploited, as the CTG 96.7 of the coast fleet, planning Incheon, was not known, but the strategic base situation was clear, which emphasizes the value of the depth, items or raids, landing or infiltration of attendants which the Pusan in Tokyo and the increasing likelihood that the scope would take place. August 15, therefore CTG Concord 96.7 the recommended his intention, if not rather accept Tokchok island in the approaches to Incheon as a base for future operations and intelligence. We are not statements, denies aid was promised units of the Commonwealth along the West Coast in the 17th century and Lee, appointed the Commander in Chief PC 702 operation starts it. And two others in the bed stop company to a force of Tioman Tokchok ashore; the next day received the assurance, the Apache seems to acknowledge the effort and the island. 19 Lee ’ force has approximation of Inchon channel Yonghung asked, and expanded their control to other islands in the Bay on the West Coast in the days that followed. In the 20th century, an Apache until landing the radio equipment in Palmi destroyed lighthouse at the mouth of the port of Inchon. arrived on 1 September as Lieutenant Clark at Yonghung, Myong ham, ROKN teams recovered considerable information on the defense of Inchon by the intelligence in the context of your Corvette. And British reports have suggested, that the seizure of Yonghung of enemy forces moving southwards cause to protect against a possible landing of the continent. Map of 12 approaches to the Inchon, August – September 1950, click the map for higher resolution (157 KB) image. So far very well, but the 1 September the invasion plans after graduation moved, the enemy came ’ effort to crush the last and biggest beach Korea. In this time of crisis, that eighth army needs all the support that you could get and stage a new threatened to intervene in the third stage. Not only the enemy of the pressure led calls for the maintenance of an emergency task force 77 in support; He threatened for the landing of Inchon Marino team to provide. Before the publication of the Brigade on 4 September, orders were canceled and 1 for the second, that once were busy Marines on the Nakdong. Faced with the danger of ’ s EUSAK needs would prevent that the release of the Brigade, proposed by a regiment of the 7th Division at Inchon to replace General almond. The commanders of the Navy and of the sales of the Navy of the device without training in amphibious operations with a large infusion of South Korean conscripts, the task of Salto-Playa forcing two for a del in the infantry in the column behind the 1st Marines, could be landed with all the consequences that this might have for the success of the operation. But luckily Struble, which fixed a problem when you to insist on the release of the Brigade, was was proof that the eighth by Admiral army ’ need a reserve make a regiment of 7. Division and moved to Pusan, where it landed to support the volume or navigate could be the umbrella organisation of Incheon. On this basis, it is deposited. Publication of the Brigade was moved to the night of the 5. Task force 77 applications were rejected by Concord. For all its splendour, the Communist offensive interrupted to steer to the perimeter or major forces for the impending counteroffensive. Although the fast carriers, Sasebo had withdrawn on 5 September, after the attacks in the area of Pyongyang, marine activities continue, during the ’ Korea S. West UAE between Kunsan and 38 ° parallel, triumph and aircraft Badoeng Strait went on the Earth, focusing on the crane rail and hardware electrical transformer stations. While you continue to intercept the coastal traffic ’ ships Admiral Andrewes found opportunity to bombard the Inchon in the fifth and Kunsan in the connection to the surface. Day 7, triumph of the last day at the station before departure for the replacement, Admiral went 8 day 10 Costa during two days of operation of Wonsan, but with the arrival of the Sicily, two promotions, ’ rubles Navy teams were ordered to burn half West of life. (D) to napalm, for a total of £95,000 during the day, with the resulting destruction of 90 percent of the top floor in the named range, and the discouragement of the mucous membrane would be conducted. You might think that an attack of this unprecedented against such a function of strategic importance an integral part of the enemy was what prospect and gave him five days of the transfer the emergency would be alerted. Maybe he did, but functions that are limited in this regard and in any case was more safety for the landing of Inchon at best problematic. In Japan, where there were a lot of enemy agents and uncensored, the situation was very busy and the arrival of the Navy and of the Assembly and the load of the troops are well known. In fact, some tried to deceive the Communists. Triumph was short is moved to the coast. After falling from a bridge in the ninth was the suspension under Kanggu Yongdok, Helena and the destroyers in the fire in a careful and rifts on the island Mayang northward at 40 degrees. In the Brigade of Marines is directed upward in Busan and a public lecture on the hydrography of Kunsan. After reconstruction at Sasebo, the port, as well as the fifth air force would focus its triumph in the vicinity. in this region, where cheap previous survey ’ Beach was detected by the enemy, a RAID was programmed Whitesand Bay by a British American force, in HMS attack taken. But the basic cover and deception were by CincFE, whose goal and his speed pressure insist on one unlikely. The enemy, it seems, could the opinion of those who have questioned the depth of the rotation and the hydrography of Incheon. South of the parallel, his use of mines to Mokpo Kusan on the West Coast and in the area of Chumunjin in the East were 38 most difficult days. Incheon, South Korea, was the effort was too little, too late. which had established during the second world war as a way to document history as it happened. Pictures that they have created more paid for itself even with the massive public interest. Artistic images have more influence than normal photographs. Through the manipulation of the image an artist, his work may be an emotional message that is often overshadowed by an unnecessary details in photos. In the war of Korea Navy had the lucky, two artists in uniform: Herbert c. Hahn and Hugh Cabot. At the beginning of the war, the Navy had many reservists in action, including Herbert c. Hahn called. USS Boxer as a photographer assigned to, he began to make drawings of the vessel activities and employees in their spare time. Some of his works were sent to the chain of command in the Office of the Secretary of The Navy Francis p. Matthews. On request, artist was assigned to cock to the Office of public information, Tokyo, a fight. Hugh Cabot voluntarily elected marine personal Periodista Marinero on the Navy shortly after the beginning of the war and because of his background as an artist, a civilian. He went to Korea as a struggle against artists and spent the duration of the war with several ships and units. 87 1 Leathernecks ° distribution of dinner in the rice field in the plain of the Hill sector of the Korean Western front on 26 March 1953 in the United States Navy. Top marine digging a building to protect against mortar bombing further while at another (under) the outline of the natural use of the protective earth, when battlefield before him into consideration. (AP Photo/George Sweers). On August 6, the special team from South Korea, attacking the targets of air traffic controllers and the objectives of the bridge and the road to North Hwanggan Yosu saw assigned. As soon as the Philippine Sea effort on focused outputs transport, while flying from Valley Forge Corsair 24 and 22 production under the control of the game. Focus, as before, was in the General Assembly of the Chinju and the communication behind enemy lines; But the attacks were also in the goals of the quotas and transport behind front Naktong, central area and neighboring Waegwan Kumchon Junction City. Demands for the destruction of the day, including large supply dump, five trucks, two jeeps and a tank, damaged by a series of bridges and many of the voices of the victims; the distribution of the burden represented attempt, useful, if not at the end to close ban support in the combat troops. The day the complete works ’ and ’ driver reports at your fingertips, the situation was discussed Admiral Struble and the carrier Division Commander. Efforts to support the air Admiral Ewen published simply negligible results. Admiral felt Hoskins disabled by the heavy centralization of control of the JOC, that excessive time spent on arrival and ensure that the mappings of the target and the tendency of the eighth army take maximum effort and bring the saturation of the labour inspection services. The result of the debate was announced in support of operations on the ground the next day a few shipments of the Commander of the 7th Fleet-Concord, an urgent request by JOC, expressed his doubts about the value of an attempt, has proposed that the escort carrier offer work all day 8 and expressed his desire to attack the bridge in the West of Seoul. From one day to the next the force after the Yellow Sea and the seventh a position west of Mokpo, species extinction airfields and flew attacks on bridges, warehouses, terraces and vehicles in the area south of the parallel 38 °. The reality of the civil war were marked this day as he swims, steam on about 70 miles off the coast, over the water, containing numerous floating bodies, with his hands tied and boots behind. At noon, in response to the request, the JOC was to promote the extent of eight pirates and nine advertisements in the Philippine Sea. These aircraft are a driver that had two tanks as a target, but was able to spontaneously as a marine to give off F - 8os Japan requires immediate treatment. Uncontrolled attacks, ban, or close support was. The obvious waste of these efforts to support the extent and availability of escort aircraft carriers, has now to check Concord and Commander of the 7th fleet that new force resolved to attack in the North. An expedition in the afternoon by Admiral Joy proposed, that the urgent need for close support, to attack the carrier coastal targets in the F range, between Chongjin and Hungnam, which many trains and vehicles had spoken recently and currently filming Helena Tanchon. This message has the Admiral Struble reported one after refuelling in the eighth, to attack the North in the region and in the ninth, when the next day again waiting B exceeded. However army to the extent help force flying missions in the area of B-9 and 10 °. However, those hopes had to be through an Office for CoinNavFE, was moved to the evening of the 8th, unless force South of Cheju full Passumpsic River and Cacapon. Because the safety of the eighth army had driven CincFE for all order in close support of the effort of the carrier air entered and the ban on 8-17 August to close. With this command the southern movement of seventh fleet operations, development of the FEAF ’ first request of the attacks in the Northeast quadrant of Korea, came to its conclusion. Is published for the next ten days, carriers have frozen to support the perimeter. Support, in this context means support for units of the army under the control of the game. the Marine Brigade, has been well maintained with employees of the air traffic control team tactics and his own flying aircraft carrier escort. But the army required, about what it could be. North Korea had forced the Nakdong and a regiment on the River in the Grand Canyon West Yongsan. Admiral Struble ’ are planning to strike targets in the area and were now forcibly abandoned. On 9 August, he found West carrier Mokpo, fly attacks against section of the Seoul-Incheon. There for the first time, flak met moderate; There was attacked and beaten with 1 the three bridge on the Han River in Seoul at the request of the army de l' Air.000 pound bombs. The West of Taegu a Cuatro Vuelo, sent the extent of Valley Forge, discovered a corresponding control and a tank destroyed. In the field of relations between the East and the West was portrayed, if a screening destroyer five friendly swimmer of the Koreans, recovered, claimed U.S. citizenship. Day 10, operations follow the same pattern, with a continuous focus on the prohibition of Seoul-Incheon-complex. It was a ’ day sea of the Philippines in support and 4 flat six flights were sent at intervals of three hours. But all were compelled to attack targets of opportunity, none was used, to the troops and two overloaded radio channels completely in contact with conductor failed to support. Breast force continued searching for ways to improve the situation of close support. Day 8, based on the pilot of Admiral Hoskins Taegu backlink reports has the main problems identified, because ignorance understandable, force air, 7 offer the capacity of the vector at the headquarters of the 5th fleet and inadequate communication ’ wish if possible to silence to bring. Remedies proposed a master suffered the instant award flyer, in the vector and close operations to support, as officer liaison with the fifth air force in Korea and the establishment of communication channels that allow and political guarantee, that, a bi-directional information flow continuously. The next day, Admiral Ewen listed as the absence of reliable communication, unless between carriers and game and the scene of the action and the oversaturation of the great shortcomings of the target aircraft. Claiming that the potential of less than 30 percent of the fleet ’ has been used to support, suggested that effective Admiral Struble ComNavFE in the course of history and urged the allocation of aircraft control traffic with resistance and reliable radio systems and the use of air support party Mount McKinley to improve communication in the district. 7th fleet commander said the entire story or at least a good part of the night of 9-10 August, in a message to information CincFE Concord EUSAK, to copy Samuel and fifth air force. This Office has the need for an urgent and constant insisted air support for our army, the problem of control of the aircraft in the target and the partial use of the plans at Taegu described sent. Recognizing that drivers under great difficulties were involved, and that the Navy should help how can think with personnel arrangements and official releases, Admiral Struble noted that the seventh fleet was still Dispuestoa to help the control of air traffic, he previously had done, and he proposed, once more than possibly Mount McKinley can help you air control staff. Although no specific mention of the problem of the interforce communication or ’ offers influencing Hoskins from a qualified link and there were high officials potential here if only they were angry. But none of the commanders that the question seems to have followed and ’ s Concord answer was not very useful. Apparently as a result of semantic confusion, Admiral Struble ’ report had played not as close support job, but as an indicator of the ammunition to pass, and in response pointed out that this has not been achieved considering the number of targets of the ban in the South. Employment of Tacron Mount McKinley was rejected because he engaged in training and other proposals were commanders at. Seventh Fleet commander was responsible for providing controllers air traffic organized with associations; The fifth Air Force Commander was invited on every type of need, personal care, and the State media. This exchange of General information seems only Admiral Struble have strengthened ’ the amount out of the way and to achieve in the North. Because even if at the same time asked for more information about the prohibition of all hands revised goals, his intentions for the future, called for strikes in the area B-12 day, followed by a movement in the North to attack the region of Sinanju in Pyongyang. This amount of liquidation received a request of the fifth air force 12 as bomber carrier metres in the vicinity of Seoul hit and swept fighter airfields and communications, where it says that b still wanted all efforts in the field. Even if you agree to, if necessary, to comply with, Commander of the 7th Fleet noticed response, which had granted attack northward the next day morning by GHQ and want, if their efforts could be saved. Apparently she could. Ten days earlier gel actually took five and 13 aircraft of the two companies to develop North of the parallel attacks on targets of traffic in Pyongyang, Chinnamp 'o', o, Haeju and seasons with good results, including in the destruction of the locomotives. At the end of this day ’ withdrawal measures in the South, to the triumph and his companions that they are headed north to the head of the guard in the Yellow Sea and had me restore to Sasebo. In the 7th Fleet striking force, he approached the problems of support at the perimeter, Marine Brigade began their first offensive. Keep the enemy's advance South Coast ’, General Walker had decided, West of Lindsay, Masan, attack, some 30 km away. The armed forces are West along the main road; the Marines were after Denis and allocated Sachon, clean the left flank along the coastal road. Day 5, how quickly received the aircraft of hit enemy troops in the vicinity of Chinju, orders for a start of the attack on day 7. On this day anniversary of the landing on Guadalcanal sure grip of the Marine Brigade in the West. On this peninsula and on the island, the weather was hot, humid and exhausting. Three days heavy and confused next fight, while the Hill at the intersection of route-check paid been Brigade and aircraft are Ted O. but employment coordinated artillery movements Navy escort aircraft carrier, to break enemy formations and pursued the mountains. Weapons, vehicles and tanks were destroyed by Admiral ’ the ruble brochures group and bombardment with napalm and the height helped,. Five kilometers along the coast road before dawn move on the evening of the 9th Marines, ordering on recording Paedun-ni. Tenth General Craig pushed his Brigade on the road to the Southwest. Sicily had Badoeng Strait withdrew two days after Sasebo back but has the work of two with 44 raids. Paedun-ni received this morning and signs of confusion remained enemies, to continue at full speed. In the afternoon a few miles outside the city, the truck came in an ambush at the Col de Taedabok. Tanks were presented, reported by private teams, and step have been paid; of the Court and two-thirds of the way to Denis, the first big target the power on the other side spend the night. Elsewhere things but the more worrying: day 8, during the battles of Ted-ni, North Koreans on his head and strong bridge Naktong Regiment built before the tenth day, the 4. enemy of the Division crossed the river. 0800 in the morning of the 11A recovery of the advance on Denis. A few grenades at the start of the Colorado City holds one hundred vehicles West of the city at high speed. Above lost a division of the buccaneers, mentioned badoeng Strait as quickly remove some truck run and slid down the slope. 20 mm battery of the flyers this opportunity with rockets and fire rolls wholesale. For every 1,000 was the town from a hill in the South and send the Marines, Sachon was set to soon with their plans of the recognition and the overload of the Buccaneers and their tanks at the front. In the meantime, there were things good for the Brigade. Freezes enemies had broken, took momentum, low enemy were estimated, to approach the 2,000 mark and North Korea seemed more disorganized. Air and marine land forces in harmony have worked, and the progress was parallel to the third element. A LST-Scajap - arts and crafts store and ROKN losses has been landing under the leadership of issuing supplies States Pusan and receiver and Craig had asked whether General destroyer coast ahead to provide fire of support call. But in other areas the situation has degenerated. North American counterattacks could not be removed become the Nakdong pumping while, on the back of Navy ’ the enemy had was the Hill of Ted-ni and cut the main supply route for troops in Chinju ahead. At noon, fire 12, while the Marines Changchon approached the order again one battalion and an artillery battery to this obstacle to clean. In the afternoon of the 12 I saw the Marines on two fronts to the first, if not for the last time in this war to fight. Changchon 1 and 2 battalions are heavy losses in another ambush, but the attempt of the liquidation of the Enveloper. While this battle was that the battalion by truck was transported to Ted-ni, lead where he arrived in the afternoon and before the night was his first target, a crest of the Hill, under the command of the power supply. This unique situation, two battalions of the Brigade fought ’ Changchon stopped while the third was, to participate, to rescind orders of 40 kilometres back. Day 13, while to meet the battalion of its cleanup of the hills around the Ted-ni, other poignant and back on. Although it was disappointing to inflict severe damage to power 42 kilometers after four days before and after him be removed should, there are compelling reasons behind the decision. The situation in the Ardennes was Naktong almost out of control. Landing gone wrong: in the distance, Centre, twisted ROK LST; Fast Buscaminas left Doyle; Strengthening of the law, a second LST-rescue ship; Arrival of the vessel Helena. on 19 September on the image for more information and photos click 1950 (photo # 80-G-420836). In the 16th century handle expected eighth army along the line. North Korea's radio was visibly not mentioned what do their utmost to Inchon, but the United Nations, with the case of among others the brochure to the enemy the word has done. First steps were however negligible and communist resistance was still strong. D + 2, fearing that the chromite, led failed despite his tactical intelligence in its strategic objective of general MacArthur Admiral Doyle to start planning for a second level to Kunsan. But if Mercurial temperament ’ s was shot CincFE for a short time, the offensive in the South was to slowly roll and how things turned out, that the only consequence of this order was a recognition of the beach created by UDT 22 bass ’, at the mouth of the man from the North Kunsan Chonsu. On the coast, on September 17, ROK troops crossed the river Hyongsan South of Pohang, with the help of 298 16 inch two Missouri, occupied the city and push forward toward Yongdok. Two days later Struble has started in the morning and evening air exploration of the streets to the South of Seoul and the task force 77 warned the possibility of a full-scale attack against the forces of retreat northwards along the perimeter. In the 20th century began the D + 5, the body of Korea you North II, who had served the northern sector of the perimeter, his resignation. At the end of the first week, adopted in July become forced 24 was the followers of the September Naktong Division and paved the way for Seoul. On the South coast came at the time of the United Nations, the forces from halfway to Chinju and the destroyer SMS de Chinae fire support finally has been released. On 25 September, 10 D orders by the enemy for a general withdrawal received. In the North however was resistance to the advance which brought the x. Corps reinforcement, Communist of Wonsan, Chorwon and Sariwon as reinforcement. Despite the efforts of the 6 or 7 thousand soldiers ban reached the capital of the 20th century. Century, to reinforce a garrison of perhaps 10,000. And although these new entrants not much of their equipment cumbersome, difficult and costly fight and outskirts of Seoul Yongdungpo. Right, despite its location in the western plains and at the mouth of the Han, the capital of Korea is surrounded by ubiquitous hills of country ’. From a peak of five miles north a ridge descends at a height of 2,000 metres, and then they share and finally to 1,000 feet wooded western outcrops on the approaches to the Northeast and Northwest of the city. From the slopes of the Northwest broken ridges, lead 300 m, South of the Han dynasty, to protect of the city against the ingress of downstream. In the South-East, between the city and the river is the South Mountain is located 1,000 metres above sea level. In this context-oriented amphitheatre built in the ancient city walls protected-PIC-PIC and link, of an area five kilometers three surrounds. But at the end of the 19th century, were these walls overcome and began Seoul to put, extension to the South between South Mountain and the Western Cordillera and is located between the mountains of the South and the hills of the North. September 22, 5 Marines reached the line of the Western Cordillera and were knocking at the door in Seoul. Here, the enemy had established their main line of resistance, and here we found strong opposition. Despite the close monitoring and base support Navy carrier Squadron Kimpo progress was slow and expensive. Progress through the hill ranges in metres measured was fiercely fought the enemy and launched several counterattacks and heavy air force and artillery concentrations have been answered to phosphorus, artillery and mortar fire. at the same time, 1 marine °, fought his way through Yongdungpo. After reaching the coast of Han in the capital, they were sentenced 23 to launch two battalions across the River on the back of five randomised controlled trials. This proposal around noon on April 24, followed by the crossing of two battalions of RCT-7. On the evening of the 1st Marines was in motion, to a position right on the River, and five randomised controlled trials while seven Marines on the left side were provided. 25, with the increase of the resistance, the enemy ’ of the main line of resistance was broken. By attacking in the South-western corner of the city, won the Marines a mile and half the fight of from House to House; in the Centre, crossed the finish line of the Ridge 5 RCTs, kills almost 2.000 of the enemy in the process; in the Marines, patrolling in hills cover 7, to prevent the arrival of enemy reinforcements; in the South, the rope was tight to climb as the 32 °-Infanterie crossed the river and the southern peak. This attack comes almost sharp support efforts: Badoeng Strait loaded ammunition at the port of Inchon, but Sicily deployed five aircraft, station all two hours, and MKS 212 to the Kimpo Airport set a new record for combating attacks. But the 25 was a bad day for the X Corps: TAC Squadron were shot towards the ground and three commanders, Lt. Col. Walter e. Lischeid, USMC, Sicily ’ Squadron, was killed. September 26, further rise within the city resistance of from House to House. An order of the body during the night X led a night attack against the forces of the enemy, who flees in Seoul, but the assumption was wrong: the darkness was fully occupied in the defensive heavy enemy counterattacks, supported by tanks and self-propelled guns, who were brought from Wonsan. In the morning but had arranged or roadblocks and snipers in the city in flames of fire pressed the Marines. Even if progress remains slow the enemy significantly weaken, and the town was declared safe by x. 28 organized the resistance the capital finally broke, while remaining small pockets of enemy troops further treat enemy counterattacks and in the environment. The 7th Division, in the meantime the right flank of this RIA, where working group 12 weeks before the Smith had engaged the invading army moved forward. 27 there ran North with a small force of the Seventh Cavalry, contact along the main road. General MacArthur 29 became the capital as President Rhee. All that remained was in Seoul, to seal between the North and in the early days of October 1 ° and 5 ° Marines took blocks positions Northeast and Northwest of the city and 7 ECR as advanced Northern Uijeongbu. Now, the situation on the ground was liquid and in favour of the order. The last days of September saw the collapse of the enemy by the resistance in South Korea as the Communist troops drove pins of prisoners of war or on the hills scattered. As in the United States of the body moves Northwest towards Seoul, IX Corps crossed to the peninsula from East to West, Apache and Bataan Cup leads to a column of the Kunsan where the enemy troops were bombed. In the Central Highlands of the ROK II Corps moved north; Quickly press the coast road in the East of the Republic of Korea. Here the progress was the rhythm of the Admiral Hartman ’ ships, fire, but their efforts were rarely requested and only a low resistance. The last fire support group, the enemy stops along the route from the coast had given up and moved the inside: in their movement from the North parallel to the body, I ROK avoided three North Korean divisions. The Korean Navy along the coast remained active during this time. In the West, Lee continued after the Inchon landings, operation. Kunsan South of el Archipiélago Sir James Hall, at the 38th parallel, sat down on the settlement of the Islands, so that when on October 2, a higher authority came to implement obtained the return of operation, these places work actually had. On the South Coast has in cooperation with the island Namhae 27 and Yosu eighth army of the ROK Navy on 29 and 3 October a landing at Mokpo, supported the important port said by PC-703 and some smaller units. North along the coast is the Communist naval units of the country were also occupied. On September 23, the second submarine undertook a special mission in zone 7 on the North East Coast. Underwater transport drove 25 perch to Japan with his team of commandos, supported the demolition of the enemy in this area to carry out attacks. But with the ground war during the operation, the sea has suddenly expensive as the enemy of ’ countermeasures war has begun, is effective. September 26 destroyers, brush on patrol with Maddox Tanchon, stepped on a mine; Crew of 13 were killed, 34 wounded, and the ship was severely damaged. Two days after the ROK YMS 509 was Yongdok, with 26 people or dead and five wounded missed taken. She spent two days in addition to Mansfield, sniffing a mine which blew his bow and 28 of his wounded most its port Changjon on the search path, beat air force after a fallen pilot. For the cake, AMS, located near Yongdok, fuck on October 1, recently arrived from Guam, struck a mine exploded and sank with the loss of 21 of the 33 crew members. Korean YMS 504 Mokpo was used in the second. The loss of a single ship, and heavy damage to four, not to mention personal Bajas, thus the most expensive week of the war for the naval forces of the United Nations. The enemy was not the damage. Raised serious questions have not work in 100 arm and boom, decided reference to future operations, the support group of the coast, en route to the beat of line of communication, North Korea carries out 50 weapons remain and to limit their efforts for a single attack. This attack was conducted in the night of 12 October. The destroyer of bombing target in addition to Thomas as a distraction and vouchers Maddox, perch booked with predators against a part of the railway line 40 21N, tunnel where two Lindås. Encountered no enemy resistance and a Royal Marine was killed by fire as it was landing, but was destroyed in a reembarking channel and loads was exploited by demolition and two galleries have. Inchon joint task force 7 has 21, the last of the Struble Admiral General almond floor-campaign has been resolved. Original plans had the units of the 7th Fleet back to their normal organization and for the recovery of the remaining naval force of naval support under Admiral Doyle asked then. But seems reluctant to take on the task itself decided that Struble, hastily reasons, the inter service courtesy and support, Commander remained in the area of the door until 1 October. Naval effort during this time still intense movements sources X powerful institution in Inchon, logistical support remained fleet, friendly troops as fire and air support in the area of activities of the company abroad. Missouri had reported on the coast in the 19th century, and the next day was moved, as far as possible, a pier, where their 16-inch guns could catch Seoul-Wonsan, about 28 kilometres from the hotel. But the front was moving so fast that their efforts limited is located at 11 shots, which developed in four days, and the main activities of the vessels of the artillery during this period elsewhere. ROKN units reported a concentration of enemy troops on HMs, man of the West of the peninsula of Haeju and 27 introduced a bombardment of the area wanted to believe supports in the upcoming of another institution, Manchester and four destroyers, the air attack the Group promote ’ Boxer s two days later the British cruiser ended up Ceylon bridge to find out TaechongGroupe by Sir James Hallum said the enemy packed Assembly and had. The cost of the foreign air carrier remained over the whole month. He worked on the triumph in Korea in the Southwest until 25 September, when she was stopped by her sister ship of Theseus and the deceased in the region. At the same time reset to zero all Servron 3 in the port of Inchon, Admiral ’ rubles escort aircraft carrier lasted until October 2 contribution to the work of the examination of the 10th tactical air command. Since every day to keep active in fast flying two aircraft carriers were the arrival of Admiral Ewen Boxer during the third South fled under food and beverages from the mobile logistics service-group; with the conquest of Seoul of task force 77 X. Corps shifted support to attacks on the enemy lines of communication, which continued until his retirement in 3 °. October there are no targets remained within the range of artillery, all ships of the tire came from the body of X and Admiral Higgins so far: the last of the support from his group of Incheon. With customers in Austin Captain stubby Yes a reduced force logistics sailed to Hector, on the same day leave for. Day 5 of the fifth air force tactical air command, General Cushman initiated ’ and day 7 of the last body of troops X, was relieved by the 8th Army. Campaign completed Admiral Doyle has already parties were. This officer, who with his colleagues, has so much done to prove that it is impossible to Inchon, was relieved by the strength of the Earth Day Suwon Admiral Thackrey 27, southern corridor, and sailed to Tokyo to start working on the next step. Offensive of the summer North Korea has a fine steep 15 September 1950 with a daring amphibious landing at Inchon. In a few days the North Korean army fought and then disintegrate as the Pusan perimeter, eighth army, led by the United Nations withdrew. Seoul was released at the end of the month. In October, a more targeted amphibious operation against port of Wonsan coast pushed by events as the South Korean army has surpassed well before the date of the planned landing in the target area. No army, consisting primarily of pulled out troops from Korea in the South and the United States North along the coast, that this Korean, through the Centre of the peninsula and in its parts West of Seoul limited more by problems of logistics as the enemy resistance. Although hampered through an acute lack of my assets in liquidation, Marina Chinnamp opened new doors 'o' or on the West Coast and Hungnam, Songjin, and Wonsan and iWon in the East. Supplies and fresh troops in the Pacific, so rare in July came in abundance. President Truman and other Western dignitaries came to speak and see for yourself. Off the coast of four fleets of the U.S. carrier, small British and American aircraft carrier, several cruisers and destroyers of the many tire the firearm in the air and marine fire where the enemy target. Available power was so plentiful that some ships ran it during the crisis of the summer, they have been released, in order for a getaway home return or are returned to their operating mode. The UN resolution gave a mandate for the reunification of Korea, and general MacArthur achieved voluntarily. However, his troops were thin on the ground in North Korea with spearheads separately to separated by the distance and the grounds for mutual support. Unfortunately escaped Communist China to the threats of intervention, emanating from the intelligence of the MacArthur as the Chinese intent was real and it on hardened ground forces and a promise to the Soviet air force to cover. Early November troops from the United States and South Korea fought the Chinese units, capturing prisoners and discover the new enemy was difficult. Aerial reconnaissance revealed that the military South of Manchuria traffic. MacArthur was very interested in early bombardment of the attacks on the bridges over the Yalu River, but remained optimistic that a final late November a war would quickly reach a successful conclusion. This page offers a selection of images related to the offensive period of the United Nations in Korea from 15 to 25 November 1950 and contains links to additional coverage of the painting of the period. For a more accurate selection of the pictures of this period of the war of Korea, with links to more extensive coverage you will find under:. Southern life, Amtracs on the start line for blue beach. (Photo # 80-G-420024) Click on the image for more information and photos. In 1615, fast carrier strike groups, had reporting, and began preparing for the beach. 1700 as the bombing to begin seriously, landing more than 500 have been the port of Inchon beats in the waters. Gusts of rain water mixed with the smoke of fires the city to reduce its visibility, which began 1 RCT armored amphibious vehicles blue Beach, fastest North LCVP 5 RCTs about the life of the boat from the rails and DUKWs red beach with two battalions of artillery directed towards life. Then at least 25 three spaceships, which went new H in action. PENICHE-403, with a capacity of 2,000 missiles, red Beach and flanked Beach and the area from the right flank to the left, while others with similar margins, to bombard the tidal basin, blue. Here the amphibious trend northward was PENICHE-401 from the waves and tides forced, a difficult task for on board Navy some of the waves the boat to dismiss, imposed. 1725 as expected, ended the bombing, that plane fell and punishment was boats in red Beach, two battalions of Marines have 5 be combated on the Earth at the time of scattered gun, automatic weapons and mortar fire. Enemy resistance was postponed, to clear the beach for a while, but in a little more than an hour which had overcome, the Marines worked their way around the mountain to dominates the village and the road crossed the tanks and troops lives to compete. In the mighty blue beach fire mortar amphibious vehicles, approaching himself welcomes had and previously reduced to make the silence probably by that and a LVT missiles destroyed by direct hit. Overload by entries in the difficult landing zones has converted the first wave of a column, while the visibility through smoke, rain drops and approaches twilight caused some confusion among the waves of follow-up and a disturbance along the coast. But here also the landing force had land without much difficulty. Because the Marines are gone, by obscuring the city beaches are forgotten by the supporting arms. Air space left for an hour or more available, and fire was the appeal to the direct support of the landing force on the part of the ship artillery. Plans for the subsequent landing support Toledo ’ batteries were controlled marine Rochester 5 1 ° Jamaica Marines area available, and while each battalion is assigned to a destroyer, was in direct communication. Night lights, which turned out to be of inestimable value during the war in the Pacific, was limited, the day-j, by the configuration of the connection: the destroyer star were too far too close to satisfactory use of shell and cruiser. But consecutive nights not get successfully to shed light on this situation and the missions. For the time being about the progress of the task force Kean has been, at least until the southern end. On the coast the Marines had repelled the enemy with heavy losses; within the 35 infantry of the Nam River East of Chinju had resumed briefly the heights along. The North Korean units prior to difficult problems of reorganization and modernization of armament and long tube suffered more cumulative effects of the prohibition of strikes in the region. When he ended the second week of August, the critical areas of the perimeter before Naktong West of Yongsan, beyond the Northwest Taegu and were on the East Coast, in the vicinity of Pohang. The answer to this changed situation showed quickly in the redistribution of the naval forces of the United Nations. Admiral joy to carry out raids by the demolition of the Korean Coast, and when the Marine Brigade moved northward in the Nakdong arch marine on the weight moved to Northeast and the enemy ’ Soviet communication with the coast of the maritime provinces. North of the 40th parallel to the Korean Coast is steep, with abruptly arise from the mountains to the sea. This geography, railway for more than 40 miles, forced, it runs close to the coast and blows fire and marine and landing parties. Here in the first weeks of the war-Juneau had launched his attack in the life. This explosive should be subjected to all forms of naval attack. This work was by the arrival of San Diego fast transport Horace a. bass, Lieutenant Commander Alan Ray easier was a conversion of the destroyer takes four LCVP with a capacity of 162 soldiers. On 6 August, received a group of seafarers in personal reconnaissance and underwater demolition to the bass, and the resulting package referred to special task force. Two days after a new weapon for attacks as underwater sea perch, developed transport Yokosuka reached Pearl Harbor a conversion, the transport of troops and 160 with a cylindrical housing with truck storage, to relieve the team. An offer by a squadron of the execution of the British Royal Navy provided ’ personal attack and brought immediate attacks on Costa the preparations for this storm activity application device joy Admiral of now carrier strikes added. August 7, had found that the rail traffic relations promised employment for enemy activity in the area F 77; a week later the group is the continuous influx of such similar recommendations of intelligence of the headquarters of the Fifth Army of the Korea air on Sasebo, introduced. The pressure on the front and Navy force air intelligence, which emphasizes how important the liaison officer of the Navy put the coastal road and the proposals request vector DEEPTI XIII C 16 days, followed by attacks on trains and other means of transportation in the plot of Wonsan and Chongjin. After obtaining the opinion of the Commander of the marine CincFE ordered the execution of this plan. Access to task force 77 was in the 16th and 17th century on the sea of Japan, fill the 18 and attack again for two days. Tre decided to reduce pressure on the northern front, their best efforts put area bomber Waegwan in the 16th century, while the aircraft is in the range of c. 17, as proposed by the fifth air force, task force 77 moved northward against the zone (f) operation. In the meantime Admiral Joy ’ surface forces had begun to converge on the eastern shore in North Korea ’. On 7 August Helena had like Yongdok, relieve Tanchon bombed. Day 13, in response to reports of enemy ships from Wonsan, Admiral Hartman founded bulk 50 stations 'and 39 ° and 40 ° 50'. Enemy earthworks also attention: between 13 and 16, while staff ship agenda during the bombing of targets in the way of low A. Horace thieves and three landings at night between 41 ° 28 ' 38 ° 35 August led to the destruction of two bridges and three tunnels. In preparation for future attacks by perch Concord during this period created a common area for the surface and u-boat operations, area 7, between 40 ° and 41 ° on the coast of Korea out. Day 14, such as perch and the Royal Navy began its training programme, sailed to acquire photos from selected targets Periscope Pike. But these preparations and efforts have made been so that I saw on the top of the shoreline of the offer, which had developed a crisis in Pohang. Now, we had done the 3rd ROK Division. With his agent focal KMAG with artillery and fire control 24 staff and naval fire support Division, and the Pohang-51 F-basis, that is occupied, longest range, been to expect that this could, and long after the Cavalry Division landed and moved inland. But for the time being the firefighting was transferred to another area, while in the West, communication between the page of shares of the front interieur.sur of the 5th Division North discovered the enemy advances Korea. This event was planned and the planning for the evacuation of water from Pohang was underway. Three LSTs ordered the local staff of the army to withdraw de l' Air and day 8 began to remove heavy equipment by the Pohang landing strip. August 10, the 3rd ROK Division, flanked by his side, had the Chongha, ten miles north of Pohang, hiding, where he was surrounded. To avoid that in South Korea, now took the enemy advances were dynamic and heavy 11 requests for ships with fire support for southern Yongdok. Helena has four tanks that day, as his personal helicopter KMAG in Pohang with general discuss Walker, but naval shooting was not enough. Day 12, the troops of North Korea led the 5th armoured Division fought its way into the city where they were connected on the following day by elements of the 12th Division of the north face of the mountain in the East. The recent strikes by aircraft of the air force and Navy also were for the defense of Pohang. But while the former by the withdrawal of the fire was on the ground has hampered, and even though the latter sent to evacuate, on the same day forced the intensity of these efforts the enemy temporarily in the afternoon from 13 to withdraw. But the Communist threat, which is an emergency reinforcement is so serious. American tanks and infantry and a regiment of ROK airfield rushed to North to defend; to prevent that a breakthrough, a large part of ’ little s reserve EUSAK commissioned Kyongju. But the progress column entangled with infiltrators, disguised as refugees and progress on the road was slow. However, is the importance of the East Coast Railway, in the midst of the crisis of Pohang, Helena and two destroyers were deposited, to bomb bridges and tunnels in Sinchang to the North. It destroyed 14 ° tour decline spending 100 recordings by 8 inches and 5 inches from Helena and Chandler, a train and two bridges damaged. But another word for Pohang and rumors of an enemy by landing at Kuryongpo, Admiral Hartman at 25 knots. On 15 August, the following reports of the critical state of KMAG ROK 3rd Division, ordered general Walker their evacuation by sea. Allows the blocking of ROK to small district until the expedition could be provided, the fire support is essential. This support was generated by the destroyer of Pusan, provided with the boat also medical care by helicopter and motor gasoline actually by Helena task element,. Additional help for the beleaguered who came from 77 Division task force, once again in Sasebo, on the afternoon of 15 years and during the night (C) and (f) sailed northward for operations against the Japanese maritime zones planned. on the morning of the 16th, as expected, against bridges and supply dumps in the c-sent in the first shot. Region but increased pressure on the large scale and a small Chongha Taegu leads to a switch for close support. Ads of the future a seven and eight Philippine Sea F4Us strike was up in the air, only to communication problems, provide all the desired services efforts to thwart distracted. 1115, at the request of the air force fifth, all recordings were in support. In 1445, he was awarded the evacuation of information programmed aboard Chongha, the main aim was the protection of the ROK Apertura and as well as two more flights of Valley Forge destruction truck, petrol and supplies in Taegu, the weight of the pressure in Pohang. A flight of 15 aircraft in the afternoon in the Philippine Sea were herded together and bombed concentrations of troops from North Korea, flew between 1230 and 1730 Valley Forge 12 and 11 raids Corsair in Pohang. There were some difficulties in the control. Aircraft dropped 18 in the Philippine Sea to reach because of the inability, air traffic controllers and the pilots of Valley Forge as a quid pro quo for the region of Pohang reported in the afternoon that its driver seemed inexperienced. But if everything was not perfect, the results were very good: attacks against targets on part of the naval also further in the course of the day the ROK Division maintained its edge and in the evening, when the striking force on the North enabled, had organized the evacuation. An evacuation plan had prepared the possibility that the expedition could be over time not Chongha Admiral Hartman, towed ships and sea-going vessels of the transfer includes the Elimination of Korean soldiers on rafts from whaling; Fortunately, this was not required heroic action. By Commander Luosey Pusan had managed that one occupies four lst, others by the Koreans and three Japanese to join. This evacuation zone on the night of the 16th century was brought together and led beach with jeep in the destroyer Wiltsie, lights on the floor. While he continued the night, claiming the catering, supply ships, a fire supplied harassed calendar and 0415-Beach cleared lst. For the first time all 5,800 visitors from ROK, members of the workgroup KMAG 1-200, which had been evacuated by civilian refugees and about 100 vehicles. This first amphibious operation in the opposite direction from the Korea war was therefore a signal success. 3rd ROK Division, after his martyrdom was released for a relaxing journey of 30 miles of the Kuryongpo sea, where Admiral Doyle ’ LSTs landing gear Division Cavalry a month earlier and where in the afternoon rescue boats caught South Koreans in the fight. At this time, to relieve the forces of the South, the offensive that enemy was on 18 August then struggled again displaced Pohang by refugees, South Korea and the United States units. While this happened in Pohang, increased activity in the North. 17, when the ROK Division was absorbed by Chongha, bass three RAID has completed and the area had left. But the Pike came to start his photographic work; the group from Toledo, en route for relief of Pohang, stopped the bomb; for the first time in a month, the task force 77 could attack North Korea. Pirates back the fleet after the attacks against targets in North Korea. Reinforcement and supply convoys after the enemy attack contributed to keep armed constantly short people of Chinese and North Korean, food and ammunition. The effort has put an end to the massive Communist offensive in South Korea. First the peace negotiations began in Kaesong in April 1951, but a verdict and broke. Was convened in July and more than to destroy the soldiers of one of the established positions tried two years extended. Three questions in the negotiations which ground to a halt. First was the location of the border between North and South Korea. North Korea wanted the 38 until has been restored, while the allies in the battle-line. Secondly, Korea wanted the Communists of all foreign troops from the. The third and most difficult to solve, was the issue of the repatriation of North Koreans and Chinese who wanted to go back to their countries of origin. Make life under fire. Sowolmi rights; Visible Inchon building on the other side of the road. on September 13 on the image for more information and photos click 1950 (photo # 80-G-420044). The bombing had been destructive. On the other side of the enemy have been advised: in the course of the day a North Korean company that reported had intercepted the United Nations bombing of life, the approach of vessels of war, and everything indicates that the enemy is going to make a landing. The reaction of the ’ was a strong defender of life and arsenal of Tiree, ’ Island again as the destroyer of the parties. For Captain Allan ’ in this resistance, only another trip is delivered the next day for a repeat, but for a few new steps superior enemy reaction was disturbing. The ship of Mount McKinley, steam now in the North of the Yellow Sea, a very set observers noted were among those who had counted on a landing without resistance or easily against a certain amount of pessimism. Were given, but the problems problems in detail. Night Higgins and Allan got to Rochester a conference with Admiral Struble. It was decided that the next day again. Collett separated because of his injury and the collection of the Mataco tractor complete destruction of landmines. Some problems with the aircraft radios make air coordination difficulties and transplanting of air through a change of in frequency was approaching. The opposite is added to the morning routine and the other four destroyers Henderson and supported by the Cruiser, the channel was presented again. 1050 and had an air strike against the weapon do life and pages of Inchon, cruise ships, anchored in the lower part of the bombs to start. Twenty minutes later they began to shoot at life, and shortly after noon, the destroyers were sent to the anchor in the port of Inchon. Then after another air attack, began their bombing of short-range of island 1422 pull from 1255 and 1 700 rpm to spend some. A further strike of task force 77 was moved as the destroyer in the channel; one hour cruises continues. Fire of the enemy, this time was late, inadequate and inaccurate, and no ship attacked. Dappled air has been improved considerably, and requests detailed through the efforts of two days encouraging destruction and damage. Shoot, as well as the work of the task force 77 seemed to have done the work. Life has been prepared by the Marines. Although some people argue that it should be called the action of the police or of the Korea war never, participants have declared war, there are some veterans, not the view that the fighting in Korea between 1950 and 1953 were as bitter as any war. In recent years, the Korea war has been called the forgotten war, because it was overshadowed by the immediate memories of the Viet Nam, Desert Storm, and the 50th Memorial on the anniversary of the second world war. With 4 million victims of war, that President Truman declared a ground test on the conflict between Communism and democracy is a indelible mark on but left the history of the 20th century. The triumphant image of Korean had changed September events. With the capture of Seoul scanning seemed immediately as possible eighth army in the North and the collapse of Korea in the North, the unification of the peninsula, the goal of the United Nations, and also the hopes of the Koreans who. He had, it is true, some lawyers questions answer and political decisions of the United Nations and the United States, before the armies can go north, but the decision was hardly a Government no doubt. In the dark days of July President Rhee announced his country had to unify, because military action four days after the landing at Inchon, with or without the support of the United Nations said, and troops continue to battle. More limited objectives previously attributed to CincFE. In August, where the General Sherman and Admiral Collins left of Inchon, General MacArthur speaks ’ the aim was the destruction of the North Korean armed forces. But it was also agreed that the pursuit of this objective not the parallel 38 ° may be limited. Mid-September received the authorized permission from Chief of staff, in North Korea and CincFE 27 operation plan was to perform these operations to complete the destruction of the armed forces of the attacker. This empowerment helps the Government of Washington, that Security Council resolution June cross adequate legal authority, they parallel made available. But the message of the leader showed the ’ determination of the Government continue the localized, to avoid conflicts over a war and under the existing operation during the second world war, to avoid excessive use of forces in the far East. If Chinese Communist units in the South of the parallel were found, CincFE continuing action, decided that success was also inevitable. But the permission to go to the North was by the fact that none of the main Chinese Communist forces, which used North Korea announced its intention of entering North Korea or threatened qualified military action. Were definitely not that, the armed forces of the United Nations the limits of Manchuria, or Russian to hurt; No, but the Korean land forces were deployed in the border region. General MacArthur responsible for calendar, a concept for future operations, was inspired by chromite, where the eighth army would be the biggest effort along the coast, while x a day before this permission, Corps in the other made a second amphibious bag. The planners found prepared application. Dust link to the South of Suwon, a preliminary plan of the operation has produced by some previous studies of personnel, 27, a day. Mid-October, when the collection of the necessary logistics could be achieved, the eighth army would move Northwest Seoul against the capital city of Pyongyang, North Korea. Is Corps to resume in the meantime and to Wonsan, on the eastern shore of Korea by ’, 115 kilometres north of Seoul and 95 km east of Pyongyang. There, after a landing attack, General almond ’ units to the West across the narrow size of the Korean would in connection with the eighth Army attack and surround the enemy to retreat from the South. It was named this operation as a gateway. Although this plan the occupation of half North Korea was, and the best part is also the pattern of apparent attention ’ message on the same day. The occupation of the territory was a coincidence for the liquidation of the enemy strong ’; the hypothesis that China openly or secretly, picked a Communist or Soviet explicitly; a constraint line was under Parallels, Chongju, 40 West of Hungnam in the East, beyond which there are non-Korean forces do not drive. A summary of the 28-day plan was sent to the Director, accompanied by the comment, that it forces nothing on this entry in Korea in the North of the large Soviet or Chinese Communist. On September 29, the day of liberation in ceremonies in Seoul, general MacArthur said the new plan for the commanders of the army, X and NavFE FEAF eighth place. Filming was still in the capital and eighth army arrived, but leads always CincFE clay people: landing on October 20, which was to put the Wonsan landing, but missing three weeks and even less time to prepare was offered for Inchon. Apart from the lack of time the idea of another operation DOS-Costa raised some serious trouble. The ability to Inchon and Pusan, the only one of the main ports available, remains critical and the door was demanding than Assembly important planning and preparation work. Despite the obstacles of nature x succeeded in Corps, Inchon, but competition by deliveries from the eighth army made it difficult to get out. In this situation, decided to transfer part of this competition on the Earth and the 7th Infantry to send South Road and rail for the shipping Division, to Pusan, were the Marines on board the ship in Inchon. But this Division of effort more change in the tanks of the 7th Division and ’ equipment could not hard on the land had to be transported and loaded in the Inchon and Envoy of the LST. Even when the decision is in the South of the preparation on the ground, 7 from the Division of Wonsan landing eighth army and the fifth air force in a serious Federal Association of logistics. General Walker was after North attack, until the Wonsan landing was and had to collect provisions for this new movement. to support these operations before the fifth fought air force bring their Squadron and organizations to support. But the communication road and railway North of Pusan, while the summer were attacked by UN aircraft not used and also the traffic towards the South of the Division 7 time requires that Marines have priority in the use of Inchon ’ facilities is limited. To top it off, the time pressure is increased almost ridiculously, that General almond was trying the day j Wonsan 15 on a level. These complications has posed the question of the approach to the landing at Wonsan. Some military commanders chose this path, while General almond was firmly in his belief in the highest water economy. Joy and some of his officers made the amphibious operation, but this time for reasons of necessity, but as profitability into question Admiral. But the case, when it is questionable, seems not well established: Wonsan Seoul corridor is narrow and rugged, hostile in the hills were, and the idea of a double against Pyongyang and Wonsan from Inchon-Seoul area produced a new series of logistical problems. And in any case, it seems that nobody has dared to discuss with CincFE. Things began with the adoption of the new concept of the heads happen. October the Giornaletto open hot discussed and plans flowed forward. Concord published its first plan of operation; The UN command ’ command of general operation was released the next day. Day 5-7 joint task force has been reactivated and Admiral Struble issued orders for the preliminaries. Other declarations of intent to multiply began in other parts of the world. General MacArthur had authorized was, rely on the enemy of accountability; the message aired on October 1, but the answer came to anyone. An eve of Chou en-Lai, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Communist China, stressed that his Government does not tolerate, cross the 38 ° parallel and occur only on the other side when she occupied northern Korea. In the third coal was reported by the Indian Ambassador to Beijing as an indication, the Korea forces if they crossed the Chinese side sending troops. This thunder from China was ineffective. In the political debate in Korea by the General Asseinbly of the United Nations ended with a vote that was unit unable, all appropriate measures, to stability in Korea. If the language was a bit vague, this resolution is of great importance, said to ward off a change in the Mission of the troops of the United Nations on the attack and destroy many enemy forces by subtracting North of the parallel Union of Korea by force of arms and ensure the stability of the occupation of the territory. The point was, by general MacArthur, military ’ statement, if the cooperation of the construction was a United Korea upcoming North, the decrees of the United Nations to force Nations must take. And in the ninth heads of some distance to qualify his earlier warning on the threat of the Soviet Union or the Chinese intervention. The threat that revealed, but previous statements in regard to a contact adapted easily a ninth message as possible with the Chinese: these forces anywhere be now met in Korea, the action CincFE pursued success appeared likely. Amphibious vehicle that once again surrounds was again Admiral Struble responsibility as Commander of the joint task force 7. For the Wonsan landing provided what was very similar to the course of events, in Incheon. In September, the arrival of the task force in the destination range that should be enabled activities of aircraft, units of transport, civil aviation, and be preceded by the minesweepers. As soon as the joint task force 7 his organic afloat and grounding air force and had his private Theater flight operations. Within a lineage within by Denis at the end South of the Bay, of Korea in the North along the spine which are mountains and East the Hungnam bearers of faith and 7 tactical air command air X army operate without Samuel, except by air transport and specially requested missions. But while the exterior resembled, the internal organization of the joint task force has changed significantly. Improvement of the threat of the mine force events to Incheon as much extend the period for the preparation of the operation and send the sweeping machines and auxiliaries to the fountain in front of the strike. A jelling command structure and the reduction of pressure are actually the most enemy commanders and staff for the planning phase. The result was strike carrier strength according to common practice and a distribution of the burden of planning the separation of the forces of progress and the escort. If Doyle and his team are focused on the landing itself, guidelines were written for the reporting and the self-help group of Admiral Smith, and the plan to remove the mines was in Tokyo under the leadership of Admiral Struble. The new target of the joint task force 7, the city of Wonsan, takes one of the most important strategic locations in the Japan Sea. This site has long been a matter of international importance, a fact reflects the splendour of Eastern confusing name, which has plagued the letters and addresses to the navigation pane. This problem in the geographical nomenclature, a danger for the planners and the military historian, can serve as an example in the following. Wonsan approach over the sea of Japan and Korea of the Gulf, formerly Broughton Bay hit, and then elected by Tartary, and now known as the Tongjoson. Water is located in the extreme southwest of the body of this man, Yonghung once Woody Bay or Eiko Wan, the entry point of the North, the Taegang (ex-Nan-Kaku, ex-Derby point) at the end of the peninsula Nakhimova (later known as Hanto koto and Hodo Pando now) has. One block south of this point, two islands at the mouth of Yonghung: Ung are (a Kuprianova Island Ko) should REI, be confused for the Control Board, and under no circumstances with above, which may occur, be left in each hand (or to do with the song or know or Worhyon most [also Woreniru aGetsuken Gan and Orupyon Pao] lying immediately beyond). Once these obstacles to navigation and mental health, boaters in the North large but flat Lazaref Porto can anchor, known after Shoden Wan and now Songjon or southward to Wonsan Ko, now known as hang Wonsan, the target, the X Corps planners. From the sea, the coast of Wonsan be net. But even if the coastal plain is low, there is an amphibious residential area in the Delta of the Namdae River East of the city. The port is perhaps the best in Korea ’ cover up the coast is s, between the harbour which had island and the South coast and a half mile resulted in two founding Kalma Pando, a peninsula long with a rocky head and a flattened body, protects three kilometers wide at the confluence with the city in the southwestern corner. Despite the bombardment of Wonsan Springs summer remained all attempts and these structures Kalma Pando in the East and a basin in the North, including a concrete Pier protect 900 feet with sheds, railways and cranes and four arms, or more whole and Harbour for small boats. The city had roads and rail with the coastal road is the hallway of Seoul and Pyongyang. And as a bonus, the final based on Kalma Pando plays an excellent runway, originally as a Japanese naval base air. Wonsan structures together one set that would appreciate any military Planner. In Uijeongbu on the peninsula the last units of the marine infantry division, I was relieved as at 7 October and moved into the area of the mounting of Inchon. She started the next day under the leadership of Commander of amphibious Group 3, Rear Admiral Thackrey, download and even though the expedition accelerates planning been made progress. Developed a maneuver system, with a landing on the edge of the sea of Kalina Pando, where an excellent Beach had only disabled by a flat slope, the place 300 meters produce down. There is no support for running on the basis of expected tides could be: in remarkable contrast to Inchon, the amplitude of the tide in Wonsan is about a foot. The Wonsan landing was simultaneous planning and inconsistent. The Commander of the forces were in Korea, but Struble, Doyle and Smith worked in the Navy of the Japanese. Once again a lot for the quick Assembly of the necessary expedition Problein: first Admiral Doyle could refer to themselves with routing and the loading of ships, on the site of Scajap and NavFE of MSTS had to go. September 30 was an initial call to 20 APs and 25 MST AKs; d. request days had been forced in a total of 66 vessels with units of amphibious force and lst Scajap, enough to do. But not before the lift of X to you delivered body is a transport problem: CincFE infantry had originally named 3 ° a reserve Division of the theatre; Now, the decision for North Korea to use a 90 instructions CTF, for shipping once landed at Wonsan, worn this machine is start strengthens in Japan. Starting on October 4, the invasion of Wonsan was mounted embarkation in two Korean ports. Incheon, South Korea Marines sent the attack, maritime, APA and AKA, LST and Lysosomal Storage disease, diseases filled with boats of the Charter of the six times. In Busan, the 7th Division was loaded into cargo ships and transport of their construction equipment-tanks and others - from the sea in lst Scajap Inchon was raised. Although Admiral Doyle in Tokyo worked, he sent his product lighthouse to engage support for McKinley, Inchon, staff at the headquarters of the Marine Division. 11 monitoring by air and Admiral relieves responsibilities Thackrey Inchon, whereupon the latter to Pusan went to monitor the movement of the Division 7. This time, the day j. Amande settled the question of General had their choice of 15 days on the basis of the assumption that that the X Corps in the third could be relieved, but although the 7th Division South to Pusan to this time there had begun, stayed the course until 7 the Marines the following preparations have been affected by the lack of maps and other materials of intelligence, due to lack of transport created by the movement of the applicability of the grounding of Pusan and complications go Marines download download ready for input priority for a door, where is the activity in short bursts at high tide limited. If, then, although he could continue, the pressure for speed the best he has do with the original date and plan the attack of 20 °. But the date filed, the target was uncertainty and revised over the concept of the operation. Although the disaster into a more or less organized three Korean divisions, naval and air activity had survived his respect due to a fire, shown in hiding in the mountains south of Wonsan and try not to challenge the coast road. Freely, crossed the parallel seventh ROK forces on the coast, that this almost therefore progress 1 October and were a few kilometers from Wonsan. This development led to CincFE Division of Wonsan, in the southwest of the Korea in Hungnam Bay in the Northwest to change the goal of the Navy. But then, that this regime has promised, modified to include the original strategic concept by the intersection of the new split more enemy troops with the eighth army. Of course, it was a problem for the highest, but there were other difficulties of the shipbuilding of immediate importance. Time cards, hardware and intelligence was critical, if significant change abbreviation; There is not enough Ininesweepers to delete the two ports at the same time; the 7th Division in the major airlines, which could not be accommodated in the port of Wonsan was loaded and landing of the aircraft was based on the availability of the amphibious ship that accompany Marines. Despite these difficulties were exposed Struble and Doyle and Concord Concord general MacArthur, were initially little impact. CincFE was always a man difficult to refute, but joy remained and the decision of the Earth confirmed 10 ° X full body in Wonsan. This last minute proposals always logged and revolutionary, escaped during the operation phase of the preliminary. Activity of the coastal Marines, which began before the relief with two night raids in the coastal town of railway line northeast from below by fast transport and Wantuck with his command Royal Marines, supported by the destroyer de haven. The first of these attacks on the night of 6-7 October focused man, less than 20 miles south of Chongjin; against a tunnel in the Kyongsong the second was a four mile bridge and tunnel more far below Songjin. Both are apparently failed and charges were demolished through plunder operation pulled back. While the attack group, 7 his first goal by JTF Barredoras Mina, task group 95.6 the tenth approached, Sasebo left with the arrival of Wonsan,. 8 patrol PBM mines in the Yellow Sea shifted operations to the coast is aircraft with hunting. In the ninth the vectors of Leyte, Captain Thomas u. Sisson and the sea from the Philippines, the first the last arrival of the Mediterranean through Norfolk and the Panama Canal, so far: support at Sasebo in support of Manchester, and 11 destroyers and northward to air. 10.Tag Admiral Hartman shared with Helena, Worcester, and Ceylon, and sailed the next day Admiral Struble in Missouri, as well as forge Valley and screening destroyers. On the morning of 10 ° of Minesweeper group goals and work started. Removes the range to one hundred miles from the coast, Leyte, Philippines, and the Philippine Sea sent warplanes air and sweeping machines patrolling to prevent strikes and the readiness goal. All military installations island have worked on I at the entrance of the port, several times and some meaningful support, promotion, ROK forces, entered the city on this day and the airfield of the11th captured. 12 Admiral Struble of reached Wonsan, Missouri, along with Admiral Hartman ’ cruises and guided through a bombardment of Chongjin in the North. With a group of Canadian citizens, a Briton and an Australian screen and planned to fight and to patrol fast carrier destroyer air, Missouri and shops were bombed Cruiser conscious and sustainable, roles and shipyards. Now, that the bleeding by drivers of the company was quite satisfactory, however due to the lack of common network, the lack we reported of professional training and the difficulties of serious communication graph, ships bombard excellent results. The offensive naval force deployed on the coast is the Korea of ’, three aircraft carriers, one battleship, cruisers, and destroyers many some already a very respectable level. Far East air forces and the army in the peninsula, could say as much. With the collapse of North Korea's people's Army ’ this prosperity has raised the issue at the end of the war without a fight redundant. On this question, one of the most difficult years in modern times had not offered no obvious reaction the second world war, and the war fought against the axis powers until its destructive consequences. There is no answer not apparent ready in Korea, and here the problem is even more difficult: When Nations of the tree was raised by irresponsible dictators, the enemy in Korea was a dictator ’ not owned only weakly to the authority figurehead treat. Samuel, in his approach to this problem had wanted permission ’ enemy called responsibility CincFE firewood in Pyongyang, the capital city in an arson attack at dawn without subdivision. But the proposal was rejected by the higher authority, and this approach to the problem of delivery, however, seems, reflected a poor understanding of the anatomy of the Communist society. Even was out of them that they were the champions at home, the leaders of North Korea the boss who will put pressure could be as relatively indifferent citizen combustion, however. In particular, the military effort, pressure on the enemy, but by the CTF was conducted 95. Admiral Smith had recommended that followed the filming of Chongjin, the announcement of the targets for the next day and ’ Friday the 13 list attacked was, as expected. In the Yellow Sea Admiral Andrewes ’ boats Haeju, bombed, while 'o flew Theseus attacks on the city Chinnamp' o. On the side, Admiral Hartman is ’ group, h. j. Thomas, accompanied by Toledo and the destroyers to separate, shoot five coastal targets along a southern route 120 miles from Chongjin. As well as the work of the pilot seemed United Nations emerged, while the Communists could control certain properties of the mountain, its mandate has already on the shores and in the air, which could not be executed above. But the political effects could include, it is empty. Although the attack set sail had and only very few have begun to remove the mines, had opened a door to the Wonsan the capture of the airfield, the Kalma Pando ROK troops. Day 13, therefore General field of Harris, USMC, Commander X Corps of air tactics, flew, and after just things commanded two squadrons with fighters for the Navy. She arrived the next day and the activities for the promotion of the ROK Army immediately began Corps, FEAF cargo supported by maritime transport, by the plans of the combat command aircraft ’ and a force of use, performed by Bob hope. The air force for operations on the site has increased in the sea and on land: Boxer, Valley Forge arrived on the 12th day, and two days later after mooring at Yokosuka away their frozen propeller have also shown the account. For the first time since 1945, four Essex-class carrier of in a power operated and Admiral XV Ewen 392 shipping raids completed offensive pressure and harry the enemy into the hills. With ten cycles of 8-inch HC, Helena falls two spans of the bridge Kanggu slope, 37 miles north of Pohang. Vista go to the South East and downstream; the mouth of the river is beyond the bridge. September 9, 1950 (photo # 80-G-422474), click on the image for more information and photos. In Japan managed to the same time, the competence and commitment of the authors in the course of time on the suitability of the strategist. How to make burned slower life in the life of the10th called the attack force. A part of the wharf group movement, with equipment for the expansion of the facilities of the port of Incheon ’ had already left, Yokohama, as the probe, the beaches will be bombed. The tractor and that the movement of ships LST in Kobe in life called accompanied elements. Kobe, Sasebo, Pusan, transport, ready to navigate depending on the magnitude of the movement. Shipping of Yokohama and Kobe South to Kyushu would and then move to the North West, South of Cheju unit of Sasebo and Pusan arrived. By default to predetermined areas the parts from which the 90-task-force has become newly formatted processed Sea Canyon Inchon, was, strictly determined advancements in the approaches to the yellow according to plan. Once started, so complex is difficult, back or change and tides forbidden Inchon later. Without delay, it is true that it hoped that measures to prevent these interruptions was this an act of hostility and these cases. But can not, it is the hostility of the elements. For the time being but would be the efforts to support the front. August 4 selected and matched to the FEAF ordered the Group of carriers of the direct communication with the JOC in Taegu Admiral Struble for attacks against targets of the operation before, and attacking enemy troops and targets in advance and make an appointment with Oiler Cacapon supply per day 7. On the afternoon of 4 °, the seventh fleet consolidated so far: once again run Buckner Bay and North operations in support of land-based air forces. On the morning of the 5th, the strength from somewhere in the South of the launched Korea. The driver in the Philippine Sea in action for the first time specific targets in southwestern South Korea allocated, concentration on the road bridges and railway bridges over the IRI, East of Kunsan, where the enemy air would hinder the movement of the supply cuts ’ Valley Forge. Southern flank were sent on a mission to support, and while weight was looking for the Truppeforniture and dangerous bridges in the Norddeux sector of privateers attacked Western personal enemy of Taegu and five strong show have inflicted losses of troops behind the front panel. But this crazy Bassan declared poor control and scour Ocho aircraft Jet never managed to reach their pilot assigned. Dissatisfied with the management of the control procedures, Admiral Hoskins sent four riders at Valley Forge in Taegu, connection, and assistance to the Directorate of air support purposes. Hoping to reduce the traffic jams that the facade was divided into four sectors, was equipped with naval air transport and aviation controllers. Although marine flights have to manage the original intention, marine pilots under pressure and all hands were all this wine, the load distribution and the increase in the number of radio frequencies, which is derived from the use of the Navy aircraft resulted in a significant improvement. But continuous periods of saturation, incoming flights were in large quantities instead of crumbs and programs so particularly difficult for the aircraft of the army de l' Air was congestion on a maximum range of their Japanese bases, also influenced the work of the aircraft carrier. . Logistics: dried red beach of LSTs on D and 1. On the left side of the road, to make his life; Giusta Numer l.k, Swenson in support of their fire station. (Photo # 80-G-420027) Click on the image for more information and photos. By D + 1 Seoul has the campaign progress. At the end of the day resistance had Beach, indoor, secured a seven-mile drop-off points. Incheon, Korea South Korean Marines were the last defender cleaning. On the main street in Seoul had five enemy tanks approaching, two private teams of Sicily, destroyed three marine 1. The transfer of control over the ship on the coast was underway: a strip from the observation aircraft was operational, tactical air control parties had started, aircraft take over some of the operations, which handled previously by tactical Center at Mount McKinley, in 1800 life settled control over the operations on the ground in the command post of the Division from Inchon and General Smith. For the first two days, maritime claims amounted to 222, of which 22 died in the fight 2 data missing and 2 died from injuries; against these figures well below health the designer took 300 prisoners and about Added to 1,350 deaths on the enemy. Although the North Koreans were now energetically respond, was D + 2 a day of rapid progress. After the refusal of the heavy strikes, pushed early 1 °-Marines, supported by the Corsairs of Sicily, the village of Salema East along the road to Seoul. Four tanks were destroyed the progress, while tactical airlift continued strong resistance in 1415 people makes an urgent appeal for all possible support. Badoeng Strait was tank destroyer, but with ’ of the Sicilian plans already committed, it enables to get rid of its customers and has all the aircraft in the air in the year 1558. 1,500 meters by Sosa were on the afternoon of the 1st Marines, while an award for best strategic had won the Marines-V. Turn left hand behind the Marines 1 ° Road, five randomised controlled trials is a barrel their way to Kimpo Airport, with support from the air and shot on cruise and sunset the camp is occupied in the Highlands and had expelled landing troops behind the front, reinforcements began arriving and continuous transfer of land control. 32. Incheon, South Korea, the first of the 7th ’ infantry units up to the gate room at D + 2 arrived and immediately began their administrative landing. 1800 today evening land-based talent took the support air nearby, and the next day, which is the Central Division of the fire control support integration and control of fire support, artillery, and Naval. For the next three days, the 1st pushed eastward Marines against stubborn resistance. Sosa, XVIII, there was fight to serious, but the goal, a beautiful Hill in the northeast of the city, won with escort aircraft carriers ’ and ’ cruise weapons. Here was the market halfway between Inchon and Yongdungpo, industrial suburb of Seoul is located on the South Shore von Han, and the enemy of the Organization has begun to improve the enemy artillery was found for the first time. But further progress: on the morning of the 20th century, the regiment ordered an elevated position overlooking the Yongdungpo, Seoul-Suwon has made driver and he, to the left, to the coasts of Han, while achieving the infantry 32 ° ride along the right flank. For some reason, the enemy has decided to defend the Yongdungpo. Artillery and air fire beats Badoeng Strait the village called 21 °-Marines, but when the attack started with strong resistance. Front elements, overwhelmed, were forced to leave the bombing of amparo and the bombing of Sicily ’ s pirates, some of them 30 feet to the front. But Communist counter-attacks were beaten, and at the end of the first week of fighting that Marines found 1 ° 26 kilometres caused by their view of the landing with a company of the Yongdungpo problems for the defenders of the city and ’ the rest of the regiment prepares for the final assault on the city. Some time went 1 RCT Yongdungpo Marines were 5 for the attack on Seoul to prepare. After the invasion five randomised controlled trials in the eighteenth are the airport of Gimpo, and inserted patrols along the banks of the Han and the East direction Yongdungpo and grounds overlooking the clear River send nineteenth century. Attempt the crossing of the surprise of the evening was set as the float forces for the first time on the enemy, but on the morning of the 20th century, the battalion crossed the amphibious vehicles against only light opposition. Covered with a plane from the Navy to Sicily, to pursue other battalions and the regiment moved South-East along the railway to Seoul. 21 5 Marines within one and a half miles of the capital had reached and came the crests, which preserves its western border. Capture Kimpo airfield, in the afternoon, the immediately the D + 2 had exploited. In the afternoon of the 18th century unburied with enemy artillery in the sector and even enemies dead, engineers reported ready to get the airfield. Based in Kimpo 19 General Cushman, tactical aircraft commander x. Corps established. Corsairs of VMF-212 and the F7FNs of VMFN 542 Japan; The plane of the FEAF combat cargo command ’ began a remarkable effort in the altitude of ammunition and fuel. So practice four days after the landing the plane the Corps of two new squadrons, with a capacity of night, increased the basic ten kilometres trenches on the airfield in Korea. US Marine Corps two nailed through artillery tank losses suffered and are under heavy fire of the VP. Are nurses, the wounded under fire to evacuate the injured and the dead. He is supported by frontline chefs, combat bakers and qualifications as a fighter in his efforts, direct aid to manage rescue man. The North Korean invasion of Inchon already crowded army short supply lines. The Communist soldiers fled in the peninsula, pursued by the troops of the United Nations. There was a short delay crossed in the 38 ° parallel to the allies and within a month had forced the North Korean army across the Yalu River into China. In the meantime, the Chinese under Mao Tse Tung has decided the war. Mao believed that the Allied forces in South Korea to stop but could not continue across the Yalu River into Manchuria and tries to overthrow communism in China. Chinese troops became the almost inexhaustible source of men many of the achievements, by the allies. In May 1951, the battle line is parallel back to the starting point in the 38th, where the war was a confrontation. Since then and until the signing of the agreement would some gains by two parties cease-fire be achieved. Map of 16. The separation of Wonsan, 10 October, 2 November 1950 –, click on the map to see the picture in a higher resolution (195 KB). The next morning the attempt of mine took place, like 39 aircraft, armed with backing up 1,000 pound bombs explode at a depth of 20 meters, more than me, flew a path five miles to bomb. The pilot action was a novel one: distance the bombs proved a difficult due to lack of control and smoke fleet malfunction procedures and spectacular, although the amount of water released results only briefly encouraging to be adjusted. As a result of the fall the scanner to the area round bombed that I do at Kalma Pando. Spearheaded the formation of the normal port scan were pirates, promise, and amazing. Paravanes were not, because there is nothing to transfer, there would be no boat exploration before scanning and zone could helicopter the sweepers relay through Endicott DMS communicate with heard. In the text, P496 1112 water; established This gives the left came from street of Autour sweepers, I have many mines were cut and floated to the surface. 1200 the helicopter along three lines later became u-boot-contacts ’ pirate of sound equipment. Then came the coup. In 1209 of the attacker stepped on a mine exploded, capsized and sank in four minutes. Promise, the second boat, slows down and stops, your equipment and a boat to get, the survivors reduced. This embarrassing situation not previously opened fire for the sweepers of the battery to the Sin recognized and responded with commitment and Endicott. Rescue operations were under continued pressure while the PBM shoot up tires discovered and artillery duel ordered an air attack on the task force 77. She spent ten minutes in 1220, tried water clear, the promise came on the left side of the line momentum and at the same time, he stepped on a mine and began to sink. Two boats were lost, 13 men were missing or dead and 79 wounded. He spent the rest of the day to pick up the pieces and decide what to do next. As the news of shipwreck forces of the Chongjin brought reinforcements bombed, ingenious, as admirals Struble and Smith on board the destroyer Rowan and steamed South to the maximum speed. But the Admiral not the work of deminers and there no substitute for the ships are lost, scanning become surely indispensable. More research, called patrol boats aircraft and helicopters, to enable a concept, which would make the lines of the mine. Mine clearance has been achieved through the bombing and the team Diachenko UDT, supported by the inhabitants of the UNG, who were rewarded for their enthusiasm for the medical care and food. In this test were in the course of the Canal has been cleaned and XIV started magnetic scanning was. Someone take how long does ’ think that s? On 18 October, the 2-D, sweeping machines reached the beaches of Kalma Pando. Most of the accidents were the only JMS loss on the South coast was of the I and the damage to a small transport ROK steam through the mine fields an abbreviation not allowed took. Even though the four days of magnetic scanning only had negative results, details of prisoners recommended on land mines had been published in the 16th century. The next day, this report stand in contradiction, but confirmation of 18 years, won the land and sea. Field has a reel shows the head of the station rehabilitated; two beaches were detonations in the back of Ininesweepers and a massive explosion which 516 ROK YMS disappeared in a cloud of smoke and water. Resume scanning obviously necessary, has recommended you Admiral Struble, the shift of the day d and his point of view it was decided by a higher authority against this evidence for the influence and the mine. Even if it was possible Beach D-day since the 19th century, with urgent supplies for the Navy in teams of Kalma Pando was, a week before the channel clearly the task force could be reported. 15, a packed refugee train headed south through as Koreans, shipyards still, try Seoul December 27, 1950 the capital fleeing war in Korea. More than half of the 1,000,000 inhabitants left the capital threatened by the massive Communist troops northward to seek refuge in the South of the peninsula. (AP Photo). 82 a Navy Member used the assault Brigade flamethrower, a foe in Korea Fortin delete? Central front covers mortar in 7th May 1951 white phosphorus smoke to hide the target area to mark the targets and the attack. (AP Photo). 60 years after South Korean fisherman of whose … neighbourhood by flames North Korean bombardment last week swallowed up was ’ I saw a picture of the North ’ TV leader Kim Jong-Il and Infectât. “ I want to kill him, ” Kwak Yong Sun, who now lives on the ground a public bathhouse on the continent, he said. “ I'm almost dead man ” Kwak, 50, shoulder to shoulder with others from Yeonpyeong Island, evacuated on a mattress in a room in the Spa, was sleeping to the focal point for refugees from the. Residents of Yeonpyeong loading were on the back of the truck while they prepared to leave the island. The President of South Korea ’ has promised the troops on the island, led by a barrage of artillery from North Korea, while in the North of so fierce new attacks warned if any reckless military provocation in the South leads to increase “. ” of the island's population left the Island shortly after the North Korea ’ attack, leaving their belongings, livelihoods, and products for pets. A hand-print is burned the ashes of a House on the island of Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea. But some of the almost 14,000 inhabitants of Yonpyeong Island evacuated in South Korea ’ continent after North Korea ’ attack on November 23. The campaign of October compared to the previous month by large-scale operations by the eighth army and x Corps involved. But in contrast to the time of the flight between the scope and the landing at Inchon, obstacles for the movement were now above all of space and time, geographical and logistical rather than military. Sporadic resistance by remnants of the NKPA was not dangerous, but delivery problems that seemed sometimes almost insurmountable. All deliveries for the eighth army and the fifth air force had navigate the bottlenecks at Pusan Inchon and restrictions of port logistics is reinforced and land transport. Korean streets, were never good, deteriorated was the war and during the railway all summer bridges and preferred objects of the fighter aircraft, the road was. The North of Seoul were important bridges and all written had to be transported by rail in trucks to these gaps in the line. These difficulties the land transport stressed the need for maritime supply and fit, that the use of the surrounding sea peninsula depends on the war. Although the army of North Korea had entered without the benefit of South Korea of cabotage, this progress has been much more difficult for the UN troops. The problems of supply and munitioning imposed by the complex requirements of the highly mechanized U.S. quota, a heavy burden and huge requirements for the transport of petroleum products, heavy machinery, spare parts, electronic equipment, ice and comic strips were to go, even though it was built from possible riding through a national power. Therefore crashed naval forces with desperately for the expansion of port facilities and the opening on both sides new ports in the North. Yet at the same time, the events of September has a new problem: the discovery of the mines of the contact followed Inchon been used the discovery until October 2, were magnetic mines on the Earth, and from September 26 to the five ships. In the meantime Concord as Commander of the seventh fleet in his plans of Wonsan, said, it seems very likely that the Communists had worked to deny its ports to the United Nations of a mining campaign. In the past, it was quite appropriate for war mine, be involved the war in Korea should be as it East underwater was first used me, American invention, in the waters of the far with success. In the Russo Japanese war lost army of the Tsar, important mines of sea-going vessels; the mikado, two battleships, four cruisers, and three other ships lost. These successes in fact were not the only success in this war on the Russian fleet, which was his policy in the century after the Center focus, lost on my war. But however apt in the past the fact operationally inconvenient of the naval forces of the United Nations, was ’. Although in the first world war the U.S. Navy had designed and executed the most banned from the major project of the dam of North Sea mine, in the interwar period, oceanic conflict with Japan problems have been to a secondary position of the war by me. During most of the war in the Pacific, that the mine was small, though the planting by Japanese House with water from mines Marina and fell out of the Army Air Force B-29 used proved to be extremely effective. On the European stage had been different. The warring parties were close to the Islands complete German contingent and it ran on foreign suppliers of a remarkable coastal traffic along the coast of occupied Europe. In this context not as in Korea, the mine early turned a devastating weapon be different. German mining was to keep Great Britain forced on a lot of mine clearance; The British in turn use the war with visible results. This success is just one example: in the first half of the year 1942 RAF sinking enemy tonnage three times by the mining industry as a direct attack on the ships and that the 40 percent of the raids and 40 percent of the cost on the map. These statistics are impressive, certainly do not see that the full impact of the campaign by mining, so an effort, even if well without boats, maritime transport is overload of alternative dislocated, routes and imposed a requirement for countermeasures, complex and cost-intensive. As all of the United States of America military activities and actually more than that had most branch of the Navy mine warfare suffered the seriousness of the post-war period. The type of command, my strength, the Pacific fleet remained in force for a year and a half after V - J day, with logo and a reduction of resistance; His commanding officer were Rear Admiral Struble. This situation ended in 1948 budget of the public prosecutor's Office, the resolution which has forced to the type of order and a more active reduction of Minecraft. The lack of coordination and strategic diffusion authority number (s) Mina Barredoras has negative effects on the preparation and training and equipment was slower than normal. The fleet had been generally abandoned paravanes; the procedure of demagnetizing the minimization of the vessel under a magnetic protection against magnetic mines, not held to date; It has no area west of Pearl Harbor Demagnetization. The strength of the mine detection to the Concord at the outbreak of the Korea war consisted of six wooden hull of Mindiv 31 with the AMs AMS helmet four, a steel person in three reserve in Commission, Mindiv 32. These ships were grouped in 3 Minron, Captain of Corbeta ’ D Arcy Shouldice, a unit, a level of high education and preparation, who knows the path of the mines in Japanese waters. In addition to these Pacific fleet units active mines contain a dozen Minesweeper, which were two AMS of Mindiv 52 in Guam, and it remains divided between Pearl Harbor and the West Coast. Activation of the AMS in the Japan-reserve had been approved in the conflict. Could do nothing on the pillar, because the lack of availability of spare parts, but in mid-August, the pirates and the incredible work. Outside the West Coast, he commanded the destroyer Mina Barredoras Endicott and Doyle came to the end of July on the waters of the far East, but in the absence of my enemy were diverted to other activities first as a screen for Cardiv 15 and then in the fire support. In August, Admiral Joy had demanded an additional increase of the Minesweeper, but the request was denied because the other guys priority. This enemy was modified with the discovery of the mines. 11 September, West AMS Pearl Harbor began three members of the staff of Mindiv 51. Four days later, the Chief of naval operations revised take on the agenda include boats nine AMS. Guam, sailed in the 16th century, Pius Mindiv Serreta, 52 for Korean waters, where the first was quickly undermined and sunk and integrate them into Mindiv 31 2 October were Thompson and Carmick, the two remaining DMS of the Pacific fleet, ordered, West of the continental United States and the rest, which the three AMS 53 Mindiv from the West Coast to Pearl Harbor were sailed. At the end of the month of October these reinforcements reached Sasebo and agreed for the activation of the ships would be. But the immediate placed port scans and needs permission to attack against the forces of the theatre, a high workload, while the emergency of the far East no transfer of resource units to strengthen available and had naked Guam, Pearl Harbor and the West Coast protection. In fact, there are an estimated 213 Asian Minesweeper waters belong to other States members of the United Nations. However, almost half of them, including mines Minesweeper motor from United States 50, was part of the Soviet Navy, whose current being supplier of me, instead of sweeping machines; On the other hand has received no offer of their services. Nevertheless, there was a ray of sunshine from an external source. So Japanese extraction successfully keep water the Japanese return permission by general MacArthur by then, now pay a dividend by unexpected such as Concord, in his capacity as Commander Supreme Allied Powers 20 sweepers employed Japanese contract (JMS) in South Korea work received first at the 38th parallel. Taking into account the need, the doors will open in North Korea Admiral found joy now increased resistance, which enables two AMs, an AMS on the West coast of Guam and SM. For the opening of Wonsan, these units to the Group's activities were provided organized sweepers 95.6 and joint task force-7, for the removal of land mines and security group with the repair of ships Diachenko, Kermit Roosevelt and eight Japanese contract. The task of the control and the four then adds frigates of the United Nations and several ROKN YMS in time, Captain Richard t. Spofford, Shouldice as ComMinron 3 in August had replaced, and undertook in the destroyer Collett was assigned to. Moreover, the Group of Spofford's work units ’, a considerable amount of the support force was at hand. Admiral Higgins had a helicopter; in the distance with some destroyers, Rochester and Rochester to support artillery, fast aircraft was in service; Extraction of the PBM's research efforts changed is on the East Coast and the seaplane tender Gardiner Bay ’ was an Idroscalo, produce advanced Chinae. But the coordination of the various forces had solved the time which began the swing and a considerable amount of time should be spent in trial and error. The nature of the situation of Wonsan is unknown. The separation of an approach to 100 fathoms Kalma Pando called to sweep a range of 30 miles, with an area of more than 50 square kilometers. Concord - usage plan ’ mentioned a high likelihood that the North Koreans and the D-day beaches exhausted; 1 October at the beginning of the analysis of the day had prompted less than 5 years. Struble estimates the ’ situation that bound, possibly supplemented by more modern implies the existence of mine fields, Russian types, provides for the possibility of separating within five days; Alternatively, if bad weather is found, or if the influence of the mines had in fact rejected, postponement of the planned landing may be necessary. 6 ° day to start before return d less than 10. The first issue of the Minesweeper was to select the path. 6 km from the landing beaches Sentinel Iceland to the entrance of the Harbor to protect. Although the navigation allows addresses, what I need to do to both hands remain, we knew that the Russian practice North entrance and as a result was given a little to think in this channel scan has been. But the final decision was to take the direct road to the South of the island, and on the morning of 11 October, began working with three leading AMs, AMS the marking area swept by the star and Rochester helicopter prior to the ’ field. In the afternoon, had she made good progress, ten thousand channel captured 30 thread and 18 mines were destroyed. However, the general feeling of contentment is suddenly as the helicopter on one, then two and finally five rows was reported by mines right in front of the sweepers. This discovery has neutralized all day ’ completed work and even increased the possibility that it might not be the victory series at the moment. abandoned, activate the flanks of the mine, the direct route to the beaches and 11 on a Russian channel has started, with the focus on the search function. Upstairs, a PBM VP - Search 47 in circles, the posts of mine, who were then drawn and forces under Cominunicated. Diachenko, personally sent Ung Explorer proof of controlled mine fields and me of the UDT. Wonsan were invited employees to find letters from me and the people who took part in laymen. Have arrangements with task force 77 countermining efforts to the bomb dropped from aircraft carriers. Blew in 11, and a road was authorized and encouraged about four kilometers from the entrance Islands. Late on the night of 31 August, the enemy has his best performance. Around the perimeter of the Pohang, Haman began heavy attacks very large forces were involved in the front of the Naktong River, almost at the same time, it was clear that a serious emergency at hand. They ordered that all lose all force, air support state of emergency called for was. 08:10 on the morning of September of 1st Marine Brigade was notified and after ten soon ’ joint operations center watches dropped on a message urgent the task force 77; Increased enemy x South launched an attack across the river TUKSONGDONG coast South available all close armed spell RECCO in North Beach, TUKSONGDONG at a depth of 10 km west of the line of the pump X instant recognition for the effort immediately X request. Morning 0800 and complex in the Northern transportation services began three hundred and sixty miles to the Northwest, the center of the Yellow Sea, the carriers such as Seoul. Valley Forge planes fell on an arc of Sariwon and railway bridge peninsula was attacked nearby by Hwangju and Ongjin transport objectives. The Philippine Sea ’ bomber had the meters of the railway struck bridge by Pyongyang and cars and equipment along the roads in the North. the observation of this activity by cars with steel beams loaded illustrated the effectiveness of previous bridge attacks. Scans 0935 Jet the two companies had been booked, against the airfields of Seoul-Suwon and Chinnamp 'o' O. returned fighter edge only 1120, and then flew a second group of propeller strike against bridges and North Korea. Fifteen minutes after the fighters on board, the cry of the JOC landed ’ received support. The response came immediately. Admiral Ewen has immediately gave strength to the Southeast and has accumulated 27 knots. Air attack North of Seoul missions 1155 were mentioned, and the patrol of combat aircraft has made to help them to find the fleet in the new position. 1233, the game, since flash messages, first attack at the train station in 1315 and 1430 aircraft would be recommended Commander task force 77 his start to cover the wood: 12 show each carries three 1,000 pound bombs and 16 private teams, each with a 1000 books and four missiles. Ten minutes after the plane landed by the North on has been launched. in 1344 a second message to JOC describes the composition of the Group and pointed out that he would follow an hour later by a second identical composition and armament. As the group in the Southeast, and as long as strike flew towards the perimeter moved Marine Brigade North and swelling of the Miryang Nakdong group. Higher levels are also bestirring: full support of the eighth army had requested 1231 CincFE, and you were that as preparations for the start of the second Office transfer completed receive this information from Concord. In Tokyo, in the afternoon, FEAF informs Admiral Joy ’ since 1245 emergency calls in the second division in the area of the Ardennes Naktong, emergency of task force 77 aircraft both Badoeng Strait use ’ Squadron, then based on the Earth in Ashiya, support and official links send required marine control of Taegu proposed for the Pusan JOC and the operation of the aircraft. In 1630 Concord behind these proposals to Admiral Ewen; ten minutes later the Marines were ordered, providing ’ to intensify Sicily Squadron Ashiya on the next day, the effort in Korea. At1800 FEAF was advised by letter that the fast was already in action and the rest was planned. Meanwhile, all efforts to companies that remain available and shortly appointed pressure in front of the Nakdong joy in the second against the enemy after 1900, Admiral Admiral Ewen demanded an other emergency JOC to join. At the perimeter of the old problems in the command to close the efforts in support of the plague were found in the meantime. Upon their arrival on the lines of the strike, 14 floors is decided in the Philippine Sea, attacking a tank for the Bombline concentration; Head of Department joined white stars in vehicles early, determined and not to shelter employees take tent and the attack exposed; the group then attacked the lining for their goals and their concentration of troops and a bridge across the Nakdong River. Valley Forge ’ flat s, a car because the driver had not Conceeding spent 45 minutes standing around while the mosquito means a flight of F-51 s at a concentration of enemy troops, loaded. This lens, so convenient for her recordings and book 1,000 bombs VT fuse deprived group finally directed to attack villages along the Nakdong. The two companies had revived in 1430. This time as the plans of the Valley Forge useful work against the 25th Division, destroying much of the city of Amman, the truck on the nearby Street burned and flatten a Hill West of the city, occupied by the enemy. But the Philippine Sea ’ group s still a driver could not be found and was forced to seek its objectives along the river. The two ships start Jet swept in 1615, and with similar results of 1745; They attacked fighters of the Valley Forge, by being able to find the driver, the small boats in the river and trucks on the roads; The Philippines, uncontrolled, returns, without a shot fired. A total disaster and has largely free and perimeter conditions were previously. No aircraft of the Philippine Sea was controlled the attacks and a total of 85 stakes of distancing, 43 handle without positive control. J OC ’ s were call a disaster, but the total amount of around 280 naval raids by the air force flew emergency on the 1-support for the disaster of the Nakdong, it was more that can be handled and overwhelmed in the afternoon as was related to the airline in the system, and reduced. The intentions were good and the i8oo and praiseworthy, Concord sent the power of a good effort for your prompt response and for their support of the 25th Division. Similar, but the situation of improving the situation and value is proposed Act of connection the expedition officers. The last event of the day within the force in the life, a touch of the night, with Captain Weymouth, Philippines called ’ sea air Commander of the group, taken as passengers from Pusan in attack. The patch on the perimeter was very angry Admiral Ewen, ordered his pilots spend more than five minutes, to try to make contact with the JOC, or the aircraft before the targets outside the Bombline reported. Fortunately however the fact that this procedure through the efforts of the staff of Weymouth and JOC to the improvement of communication and control. significantly reduces Marina has brought as a driver for the front of the Division 2 and thus a clear radio station; the air force has to waive the registration requirement for all shots of associations. The next day, sent despite the deterioration in close support carrier and 127 branches, when the army will receive the positive direction of air and marine based in Ashiya of 201 eighty-nine of the raids which had support and were the problems of most of the other 28 due to fog on a white background. Once things Rosa Nebel, who was well. Valley Forge planes destroyed three tanks, 12 trucks and barges 3 and with success, the attacking troops 7 concentrations; Groups battle of Philippine Sea had supported two trucks and a tank, and the victims in the attacks of the troops of on11 concentrations. Communication with the aircraft control were good, the pilots were with friendly approval of the attacks, the Commander of the sea of the Philippines declared that the operation was a success, and drivers were encouraged by the idea of the war still on was. The last day strike was directed against the enemy troops withdrawal by the Nam River in the South of France and in this area at least, that things seem to look up. The Marine Brigade, was Meanwhile, Miryang 1 in the North and West to Yongsan, in the second case before the attack once again on the Nakdong swelling. The situation was worse than a month ago: the most Communist divisions were to cross the River, and the enemy had fled in the Ardennes and advanced about four kilometers east along the road to Yongsan. Military commanders wanted to attack immediately the Marines venues, but the General Craig, refuses to compromise his strength, until all troops reached the mount points, or until the air transport had arrived pilots, resisted an advance in the afternoon. Not only the pilots of the second were in the afternoon, but the situation of the air was a little problematic. Fifth air force had requested, Concord makes day 3 continue all efforts to companies that was between Tuksongdong and the coast, but Sunday by the task force, which had planned, meeting with the substitution of the Group were now West of Mokpo and both airlines in the accompaniment of Sasebo. 2205 Cabinet DEEPTI informed the Marines that Admiral rubles his attempt, the air 3 and asked their availability want. sent the message the emergency priority Ashiya air base, where they were now found VMF-323 and VMF-214. Typhoon Jane approached the Japan but in Ashiya, the weather was very bad. Yongsan the enemy a powerful attack at dawn aircraft manufacturer struck on the morning of the third, for the first time the Marines ’ from the starting line, a mountain ridge about 1 km west of the town occupied by the 9th Infantry. Since the Brigade detrucked advanced and the North Korea came through the American lines, sniper noticed that the troops of Yongsan crossed and as they have arisen in the western part of the city, the Marines through enemy fire are moderated. Army troops just focus retreaded, intensive marine artillery, tanks and automatic weapons stopped the advance by North Korea. The Brigade began their idea, West of Yongsan, disable the hills above, and control the road to Stefano or Crete and the Ardennes. The ground was hard and fight was hard, but at noon were the original goals at hand. But there was no air of the sea for the close support: Jane rejected concentrated south of Honshu and squadrons of fighters in Ashiya. 1231, General Craig ComNavFE sent an urgent message: do not repeat not case/c from 0900 to 1200 x marine 5UPPORT request MCAST x need eight near the YONGSAN station. Eighth army also issues had and asked 0935 CincFE directly first possible carriers of the return. In 1342, in response to this request, Concord responsible for task force 77, after the filling and the upgrading of the South West of Mokpo, to give all possible support from the army, the Navy plane was punished time; In 1404 General Craig ’ s the message has been forwarded to the force. Once more all hands on straps lined stations cockpit and 1547 the Admiral Ewen reported it would have its first shot in an hour, with the arrival on the routes around 1745. Although their arrival was not the Fifth Army Air, are these flights from the second, relatively good communication and control. Twenty aircraft in the Philippine Sea joined troops in the vicinity of the American positions in Masan. Valley Forge, published in 24 projects on four flights, some Kwangju and Samchonpo, of which some, to check the success considerably under Navy near Masan, despite the bad weather had attacked where six Corsairs destroyed 2 tanks and damaged 15 Fieldpieces, 2 other tanks and soldiers opened fire. Yongsan, in spite of the lack of support from the air, Marines continue their advance westward on the evening of 3 °. The evening earned exceeded the originally planned route or had, and cushion, retiring the disorganised enemy, unexpected damage. But forward Recurved in a salient North of the highway was deep long, and the night was cold, miserable rain. On the sea, despite an improvement in results in supporting tried Yes shake again same task force. Had prepared in preparation for the flagship project Struble Inchon landing and has a new series of Concord of the areas operated by an air carrier, the operations in the zones of P and Q, North of 38 ° asked Q M, along the West coast of South Korea, the fourth Halo and 0 ° and 37 ° horny on webcam and 39 ° 5 days. With this guide of Admiral Ewen dispatch of the Declaration by ’ given his start in the afternoon of the third, unless otherwise noted, you have to run north of the parallel, in the wake of. However, at the perimeter of the still life was difficult, and sought all possible support. Generally 3 ° 2201 Craig worried in an other show of a State of emergency, where the sentenced ‘ ‘ situation and taking into account the situation in Ashiya, the fourth required eight planes from the aircraft carrier on station along. But Concord confirmed already the operations in zones P and Q proposed, and although he the Working Group be willing support instructed in the order, the general reaction to Craig reported a climate conducive for the Japan and said that the fast carriers in other industries were active. Fortunately, the fight in the third seems the flood in the West of Yongsan. Although the service free from Garrison, North Korea 9 was Division carried out in advance, in practice for the enemy front by s ’ original units and the Naval Brigade could handle. Quickly advanced in the first attack in the morning on the way from France, the resistance has light and Communist groups fled were killed by marine air and artillery. Half day ahead were a mile and a half, sinking fall and raided abandoned equipment and been taken over a large part of the United States team. Further progress is, authorized in the afternoon brought the reinforcement of thousand and in the afternoon the Marines on a Hill were entrenched,: 18 days before his first attack in the first battle of the Nakdong in life called had. 5 day of action began with a hostile counterattack against the troops of the army in the North of the main road, which was dissolved by fire from automatic weapons. Preparations continued the movement towards the West and in the morning, despite rain and fog flight operations hampered the Marines in position, placed to attack the Ridge Stefano-ni. But at noon, the attack was aborted. Although the package has not been the situation away improved significantly; Came the day d in Inchon and the Brigade was needed. After receiving this order form they were Marines on the defensive along the ridges South of the road and in the night by elements of the 2nd Infantry Division replaced. Shortly after midnight, the Brigade marched through the rain into the truck loaded and is headed to the region of Pusan. While the Marines, in direction West Yongsan were pushing, task force 77 moved northward into the Yellow Sea. This body of water, from the perspective of the Commander is the carrier force limited something. Thus, the dominance is the Shantung peninsula, no part of the Yellow Sea more than 200 miles from a Communist shore; across the area, less than 100 miles from Shantung, Seoul was increasingly easier employment Bombardier Soviet base naval zone of Port Arthur. And a vector of force depends on people like Lee, geography is exacerbated the weather: light winds in the summer an average speed of 6 knots and the Northern semicircle, do nothing to the Commander, a way to fight, when to support the claim. The approach in this area therefore was necessarily a bit hesitant. Attacks against North Korea had South had started 37 ° and carried out operations against targets in the South of the waters west of Mokpo. But the trend is towards the North: 20.08 had gone at about 37 ° were, and now on the night of 3 September, Admiral Ewen had strength in the bag through the Straits between the Shantung peninsula and the Western tip of Korea, ’ for the start of the fourth in the parallel position with 38 goals in Pyongyang Chinnamp 'o', or in the morning. The morning operations were routine, but the day was offered the exciting part. The destroyer Herbert j. picket guard Thomas, about 60 miles north of the force radar contact the Pentagon made with unknown Russian and it intensified the Valley Forge plans referred to 1329. The carrier shall contact at a distance of 60 kilometers, Fletcher drivers wear intercept and a division of private teams, which was orbiting was northeast of violence outside Vectorizado. The study was estimated now at 160 °, route 180 kN, 12-13 000 feet. the fighters receive visits, divided into two parts, with a retreat in the direction of home. Six minutes later, and the phantom force of the closure caught 50 km north of pirates and divided into sections for mailboxes. Wonsan: the beaches of Kalma Pando YMS a magnetic mine is 516 ROKN dangers. on 18 October on the image for more information and photos click 1950 (photo # 80-G-423625). It is necessary to add, that the staff of the Russian Navy, assigned to my Wonsan with considerable success. Prior to his departure in early October not only my school Koreans had these gentlemen but magnetic mines planned had mounted mine fields and oversaw their planting. The effort was very cheap. Barges pulled by motor sampan were loaded barges as miners and local labour market and the mines used by the rear roller. This investment in training, equipment and personnel, more than 2,000-4,000 planned mines had planted in the port, four ships and a delay of six days imposed sunk by the force of the blow. Although it was difficult, the opening of Wonsan, but a part of the book treats the minesweepers. Other ports along the coast will be asked for the separation, while in the West, there is an urgent need, the need for a maritime infeed. The advance of the eighth army, had made only a little contrary, significant logistical difficulties. Daily Requireinents was around 1 500 tonnes; Transport by rail and truck to Seoul could produce only half of this number. and that air traffic could be efforts not the deficit, every kilometre of the movement in the North of the intendant grows revised the problems. As far as capacity efforts had to the West coast ports open already started. 1 AMS left back in early October, Inchon and six Kunsan and during a scan, docks destroyed four mines and an another 02.20 had found. Mid-October, the eighth army in Pyongyang, Japanese contract sweepers contributes to the Haeju, disabling an operation, a pier of 2,000 meters, with four arms on the side and left, would you the entrance roads and railways of the North at the disposal. on November 1, the work has been done, but this time reached the front of the Chongchon River and the ’ army needs increase, the effect is marginal. Suddenly the autumn arrives in North Korea: Pyongyang monthly average low temperature of 40 28a became a blinding snow storm in waters Korean flight operations aboard the aircraft carrier Leyte on 16 December 1950 plans already loaded bombs, rockets and balls 20 mm and are back in action shortly after the end of the storm. (AP Photo). The fighters finally lock a agreement in July 1953. Set up a demilitarized zone along the line with the obligation to keep, that the last battle and approval authority of communist prisoners go back in their country of origin, a neutral country, Taiwan and South Korea. Because it could not offer a United Korea, Syngman Rhee refused to sign the truce, although he promised that South Korea will be respected by their points. He fought in Korea and drawings paintings, which appear in this exhibition artists of Mason. Map 9 support of the perimeter, – 14 August 24, 1950, click on the map to see the picture in a higher resolution (220 KB). Mansfield, Collett Swenson crossed as a screen, with aircraft and patrol with task force 77 combat air patrol, Toledo part 40 miles from the South coast from Songjin, iWon, where passes the railway in the vicinity of the sea. The goals were plentiful and were regarded as the 8-inch HC 297 passed round against three railway bridges and several hundred cars that have profitably invested. At the same time as the two aircraft carriers of task force 77 flew attack lifts and the coastal shipping as it maybe between parallel and 42d detected; 38 in this work a Jet scan found an ammunition train and exploded in a effective way to visible proof in the form of fragments embedded in Ali ’ fighters. At the conclusion of transactions of the day ’ is carrier of troops and artillery headed south, relieving Admiral Higgins to help by Pohang and accreditation through the Korea Strait en route to the filling found in South Korea group. Now something like the order restored in Pohang, but in other places the perimeter under strong pressure. Although efforts to support the task force 77 in the 16th century close concentrated in the East, a series of raids on the front of the Northwest Waegwan Taegu was sent. This area has also benefits by the attention, the FEAF bomber command under command of the GHQ had 850 tons of explosives in the areas of concentration in an enemy running carpet of Saint. But despite strong attacks enemy efforts 17 Korea North of Taegu, and only the fastest countermeasures was entered the lines of the Republic able to restore the situation. Marine Brigade was now North, Miryang first, then West at Yongsan to the crisis on the swelling of Naktong. Seven kilometres west of Yongsan river bends to the West, South, East, then back to Pusan, enclose an area of about three miles in all dimensions, driven by a massive and protected Central Hill in the East, North and South on the transit. After crossing the River on 6 August, its hosting enemy within four days had expanded to include most of the 4th Division, unit task force Smith against July 5 had carried out. counterattacks are 11 and 14 and 15 could expel the three infantry regiments of Korea in the North, which now celebrates the beaches of the East not with support from artillery and tanks, and were on the way leading to the Yongsan. The danger was great. If the penetration through the Valley of the stretch of the River at low altitude abierto of Pusan could be included, is the enemy. Three regiments of the army in the Ardennes, is less than half of the force at the time that the enemy had crossed the River, participated heavily for ten days. Were Marines maybe better than that. To cope with the crisis and restore the balance, the goal against perhaps twice their number would be three battalions of the smaller forces; There the Brigade had reached no substitute, since his arrival in Korea; Losses in the offensive Denis good deed; Battalions were missing his third company. But an observer watching British, which encourages Marines thanks to Miryang, hope, come forward, although without a valid reason, they still can be averted the tragedy that threatens the entire Korean balance. Units of the army in the region include a battalion in locked and the left position, two battalions of the North of the road from Yongsan and two regiments under the command of the attack from the Northeast. The Marines, ordered them to the West along the 17, Stefano-0800 or Ridge running Southeast access to motorway through the entrance to the curve as the first target upon arrival. Lack of transport was that had postponed the arrival of the Brigade and made artillery preparation. a misunderstanding with the units of the army to the right leads to the lack of support from the hip; the air attack by the escort carrier was 15 minutes later then 18 pirates had only half of their working time on enemy positions. Advance upward, against a numerically superior enemy and rooted, was carried out, with great courage, but with high costs. 240 men from the Battalion led the were 142 victims for half a day. But the enemy, he was also suffering and commitment for the 1st Battalion advance continuous 1300. In the afternoon she took in the northern part of the mountain and a troop of contre-Attaque destroyed tank; North Road, the army troops approached the ’ Brigade, the advanced parallel position; North Hills 24 Division, troops had achieved their objectives. Strong enemy counterattacks while Stefano or avant-garde, but North Korea to fight, the night turned out to be not being able to use their profits and advanced shooting every morning. Supported by a machine gun nest, less than 100 metres from the hotel away, asked the Marines aid by air. Check a number of selected target underground, a series of dummy, and a strike have been completed in nine minutes and a bomb of 500 books, deposited directly on the nest to remove this obstacle and the panic of the enemy troops. 0830's Board of Directors had been cleaned. It was already after the crisis. Before that the ridge line took the failure of his counterattack in the night had also brought to remove the command by the river great enemy. This movement is has been accelerated by the Marines ’ kidnapping of his second goal, an impressive amount one kilometre to the West was shortly after noon taken. Former fighters of strafed troops on the coast and in the sociable disorganised artillery North Korea on the river crossings, escort and blood ran muddy Naktong. Then, this remarkable murder in progress, the 3rd Battalion forward, was pressed in towards the finish, the dominant height within the extrusion of the button. Advanced, when night operations were interrupted, this attack was resumed at dawn. 19 0645 Hill was groups of strike in the Philippine Sea against attacking troops and provides links between Hyopchon and waves, while West of Nakdong spreading pumps by the insured person by confusion, radiates the flow expands outwards from this setback have. Its task is completed, the Marine Brigade was assigned to the following day of the 8th Army Reserve and settled superseded on the area of Masan. He camped on a patch of beans infantry and launched a program for the training of soldiers, Korean, while the artillery was sent to work Ted-NI, where the enemy pressure had started, become apparent. 22 artillery and large quantities of other materials captured in three days of fighting in the Ardennes Marines. Estimates of the loss of the personal enemy between 2,500 and 4,500. On the left side on the other hand amounted to sea 345, of which 66 were killed and an extraordinary differences, which shows what professionalism is possible and which commands air, missing one, when a unit of air force ground taken. For the conquerors the Elimination of the Nakdong bulge and the destruction of the 4th Division heaviest defeat was so far. At the United Nations, all exceeded the time saved by the action price: ten days before the enemy managed to recovery had to pass the bridge over the Nakdong. Then was still the southern end of the perimeter, the troops of the United Nations to address the crisis of Pohang and the Nakdong. The attack successful, ruin, Denis and the enemy one licking its wounds. But while the action of the Earth decreased activity in coastal waters rising: the growing disgust of the tour had stimulated the diligent efforts of the Communists to improving the maritime and logistics between 13 and 20 August, the Korean Navy fought five commitments over a period of time between the peninsula and Kunsan ’ the South-Western tip. These 15 found in the largest, a day of action in the West and South, when YMS 503 found 30 45 boats in the intestine between the tip of the peninsula and the coastal islands and sank 15. A large part of this movement in the water and it seems, that banned originated in the port of Kunsan, attacks that were previously CincFE for the maintenance of port facilities. But these limitations had already withdrawn, and on 15 August, the Cruiser Jamaica, returning from the patrol, bombing factories and docks with satisfactory results. On the same day a third blow was the enemy of the South Coast Yosu, Diachenko and Collett, met against the ability previously attacked bombed was, in the background of the HMS Mounts Bay and HMCS Cayuga, which do not remain as objective value. The activities of the ROK naval forces on coastal block is confined during this time. Evacuation of refugees from the South coast and the raft and the bark of the Nakdong Valley, Marines moved much trouble and 17,600 Korean landed Tongyong Kosong in the South of the peninsula. There is access and Tongyong, keep the isthmus North of the city Marines effectively bottled troops land enemy of the ROK and prevent that berth as Chinae move it on the water on the island. And at the same time, at the offices of the ROKN plans are under way to bring the war in the North. Meanwhile, remains the 7th fleet at sea, occupied. Vectors help moved northward (f) attacking Chongha area 17. The next day, before a treatment similar to the West Coast, task force 77, under the direction of the Passumpsic River and Cacapon and reassembly of Mount Katmai, the first ship of the ammunition in the far East to reach. The 19th century saw Admiral Struble ’ force in the Yellow Sea, around A and B support the scope and objectives in the zones, while the triumph, they work independently of each other, returned their aircraft against targets in the South. The Philippine Sea ’ ban affects on this day was the attacks of FEAF and carrier reviewed the vital road bridge in Seoul, had survived. New ads with two1, 000 pound bombs, the each and nine F4Us with 500 books against this goal sent; the work was completed, and the loss of Captain the photographs show a break in the water, but at the expense of bird, Commander of air group. Having 19 support close covered also the Philippine Sea and the release in the morning of the 18th century had resulted in satisfactory results. Although the radio station crowded his still, contacted aircraft as planned, rescue and follow-up attacks in motor mechanics. In five different areas between the Hyopchon and the front lines started large fires with effect of reward, as number of employees ran into the open where they could be machine-gunned down. This exploitation of the success to Ardennes Naktong manages the destruction of six trucks full of soldiers and in a warehouse and two cars burnt. The next day, the team had another chance in the mode of operation, which is favoured by the pleasure of admirals and Struble. A point of introduction of the Islands West Tokchok flew strikes against transport services and deposits, the Sinanju-Pyongyang Kaesong and. On the night of the 20th century in the South and to Sasebo where she am 1400 came to steer the 21 days. But successful Naval Commander this detour north vector on the only reluctantly accepted to EUSAK. So more frequently and strongly, indeed was the eighth army and calls, that Admiral Joy JOC asked that each CincFE reminds commands of the complex chain is the seventh fleet service correctly applied. In the 20th century, denied employment asks the eighth army permanent assignment to defend a fast carrier of the perimeter CincFE written naval forces. Triumph and the special force artillery were 96.5 and 96.8 group escort carrier task group in ’ S. EUSAK, barunter but great except in case of emergency company not individually; It should work plans for the future, took a time of rest for the FO-77; its subsequent use would stressed press release. Chinnampo ' u: LCVP A stand in the well of Catamount. ultimately the real destroyer of Forrest, deminers from the West Coast top group. (Photo # 80-G-422837) Click on the image for more information and photos. Appeal that eighth army for the opening of the Chinnainpo were by Admiral joy is located. But his thin force promised Wonsan and, as well as 21 October promised separation Cominence as soon as possible his estimate of the time needed complete a pessimist in three weeks. But even if the forces are not available, you can continue to place orders and CoinNavFE had already ordered that Admiral Smith from his duties at Wonsan, as soon as possible 'develop plans o for Chinnamp relief' or scan. In the afternoon CTF 95 issued, so. Although the disposable forces immediately available was Smith himself, who should soon be increased. Two official visits, Commander Stephen Archer m. and N. clay of Donald, the home CINCLANT and CincPacFleet, discuss the situation in the mine leave had, were used. Clay, formed a team of intelligence and Chinnamp'o sent or study to put the enemy; Archer is Sasebo, where 95 CTF has tried to get a sweep force. In fact, the Outlook was not as bad as it may seem at first glance. Then followed the two remaining DMS fleet Pacific, Thompson and Carmick, arrived in Japan, the next day three of Mindiv 51 AMS from Pearl Harbor. They were at the same time ordered forward in the Yellow Sea: Thompson and Carmick sailed on day 27, soon followed by AMS and the real destroyer of Forrest, a newcomer from the Atlantic fleet, by Smith as a goalkeeper. ’ Logo, as well as several later took over these units form the 95.69 item, that should do the job. With free Wonsan that PMP were changed on the West coast of my Hunt, assisted by RAF Sund er lands. Yellow Sea have hampered efforts was through the many large jellyfish, four feet or more in diameter, in grey color and hover a few feet below the surface, the rise to numerous false alarms were. But despite this distraction has done a good job. Three days of research has 34 and 16 comments of shipwreck during a bombing and a magnetic subsequent attempt of coup d ' état of explosive mines met a light, but with a significant cost in artillery with success. On October 29, the air force was reinforced by Worcester ’, temporarily based on the aircraft carrier British Theseus also air combat deployed by helicopter patrol. Patrolling air work and more time actually can station, with the restoration of Inchon, Gardiner Idroscalo has been simplified in time ’ Bay. While the starting point for the sampling was arbitrary in the Yellow Sea as a usable depth approx 50 miles is up to the entrance of the channel and 69 km of quays. Approach started headed west and South into the line from the mine to you to do the entrance to the Canal nearby Cho reach Island scanning 29, Thompson and Carmick. Day 31 Commander Archer real was Forrest; on 1 November the three AMS, as well as bass and his detachment of UDT and two ROK YMS appeared to relieve a LST the Scajap Theseus as basic helicopter. Ton 2 November Commander and Lieutenant (j.g) Hong, ROKN, discovered the minefield: magnetic mine and 217 25 was you logged have been implemented, with five lines, the main cross-channel for Northern Sok An and the other in the South of the island. Although this channel in the South, Myoji Sok, a question which is little depth with a depth of less than two and a quarter thread in shallow water, had their brightest protection when the desired channel. Here, the effort has been pressed. The lesson from the experiences with the predominance of Wonsan was went to before the digitization. In Chinnampo ' o, where he has faithfully followed this lesson hunting has facilitated by the characteristics of the tides from the Yellow Sea to expose the tend to be low sea mines. He showed in the field at low tide the patrol aircraft, helicopters, small boats and floats; the review was carried out at high tide a road not too wrapped around, rather than to delete the fields; on 3 November, YMS Koreans o made a transition Chinnamp 'ø'. Two useful departures took place in 4 ° and 5 ° in the form of winds, the loose some Catamount LSD, that after the release of the Marines shook, Wonsan and moored mines in Sasebo with boats and additional tools and West as a mother ship had loaded. 6 day that a ROK YMS took a convoy of tugs and barges in the channel of Sok, he went the next day and with the arrival of the 10th day of the southern entrance of LST Scajap five Bava, and moved west to clear approach. Open with Sok Myoji, force commander Archer ’ changed his performance at the entrance to deep water and Cho do sudo, the approach from the South coastal road. Fucking a dozen Japanese already arrive, accompanied by two ships and were Checksweeping, which has already paved the way. 14 ships reached on November 17, Chinnamp 'o' o; three days later, 40 000 tonnes were landed and the opening of the deep channel manages the hospital ship by the arrival of the rest. The ’ army logistical situation has been greatly improved and General Walker was ready, continue the advance northwards. Per month ’ final rejection had reached a rate of 4,800 tons per day and the streets fire support or providing the North front of lst in the North along the coast, a channel for use by ships sweepers worked to delete. How many things in life to open a port with me for the second time is easier. In Chinnampo ' w, in contrast to the events of Wonsan, no lives lost and it hasn't hurt, ships. Mines moored early 80 or destroyed, 36 have been accredited for 27 aircraft and patrol for underwater demolition. 12 had been broken by the storm; only 5 a reduction could sweepers. Earlier and better was useful intelligence, different tides and the experience. Although the verification was successful, did so once more mining was; how, in Wonsan had imposed considerable delay. Shallow draught shipping was Chinnamp 'o' or ten days, but also for large ships Concord ’ estimate is three weeks, has proved to be accurate. The result of these experiments and promises had more problems in the future, the war for the first time in years a high priority in the naval think to give the United States of America. The permanent lack of sweeping machines now brought an acceleration in its activation: 16th October, the Chief of naval operations has been already programmed to reopen priority nine AMS and four AMs has been included in the list. The story of the sweep of Wonsan, began on a channel and others, performed before the great sweepers, so that swimmers and small craft and Minesweeper finally need to improve better again and tactical procedures instead of the mines and completed mine clearance. In the United States launched a program of research and development. To deliver it in Japan decided a suitable supply ship LST welcome the small ships for conversion and serve as a platform for helicopters. In the area, had recommended administrative Concord late October the recovery of control over my power and urged that an officer expects that this step by the administration of the mine in the far East is assigned to war. These recommendations have been approved and 11 November load force minesweepers of the Western Pacific under the command of Admiral Higgins. Table 8. This command now INCHON and WONSAN landings followed two days of extraordinary meetings organization. She had flown from Washington two members of the Joint Chiefs, general Sherman and Admiral Collins; Pearl had flown Pastor General and Admiral Radford; Joy and Admiral Doyle were Admiral, as well as several senior ’ CincFE s place. During these discussions, it became clear that amphibious techniques, the Navy and Marines resulted in high perfection were held in Tokyo and, that Washington viewed as obsolete high prevailing opinion holds. The situation was almost shameful because without denying the strategic importance of Seoul or the relevance of his capture, naval and marine designers forget sea shore of this restriction and Islands that had long applied approach to Incheon and the lack of objective beaches could not the tides and currents in the yellow, suitable landing of mud. Admiral Rodgers by against the forces of the river Han, not the Navy or the Marines had conducted such a maneuver. Rodgers, sent his landing in the heart of a city force; the last effort to the target, the attack on Dieppe, British had certain experiences demonstrated the confidence in this type of aggression. Although the regulation said that it can not impossible on the tactical plan never strategically desirable, the doubts of the experts have been in vain. If this is not amphibious only and target, while staff officers, the Commander in Chief said categorically, strategic comfort light, seemed its own feel tactical barriers are settled through the issuance of orders. Naval reserve was on the left side and conferences increasingly caught up in the rugged air attack Horacio, if those who have shouted back before!And where the previous wines, once again! Doubts about the proposal of the operation evolved prior to the arrival of General and ’ Smith brought ’ of Concord, possible alternatives to investigate. Looking for a better rapid transit lens has Horace. Bass has been sent provided coverage of hunting Badoeng Strait sea in yellow; There are between 20 and 25 August and despite the presence of the full moon, the other of Asan, 38 miles to the title of the man of Inchon had maintained possible beaches North and South of the Kunsan, its hunters and UDT group the night of recognition. But these efforts have failed. Although it had been developed with the preliminary plans of Kunsan, and Collins and Admiral general Sherman led a landing in this region, the proposal was abandoned by CincFE. General Shepherd, whose early support of Inchon had helped in the creation of marine infantry division, doubt now developed, but its alternative Asan man statement suffered the same fate. Listen to something in the darkness, Washington went dignitaries to see what happens. Well, she knew. The final Conference is better that what could be said of Incheon, was Admiral Doyle impossible. We rested the situation. No one will deny CincFE. And then the formal adoption of the head was still to come, Sherman ’ approval of the Admiral, Admiral to support plan and the appointment of Struble operation commander already had changed the focus of the debate to action. Sasebo had learned that extended great responsibility Struble of its employees by their owners. A commander of the squadron grew destroyer, a planner of the Admiral ’ personal air and Hoskins, 25, to follow him, leaving seventh fleet its flagship Commander flew to Tokyo. All commanders are now enrolled, there was a lot of work for everyone. The contingent of West Coast Marine Division was to reach Kobe day 29. The first members of the team had to navigate on September 9. The day was only 20 days. But the amphibious Inchon ’ could be Group investigated which was essential for planning, staff of the Marine Division has already transferred to the Mount McKinley, and with the arrival of the Joint Force Commander, decisions made. I have download no time to try, with only the minimum time for combat, joint task force 7 was responsible for the execution of a very bold plan. Much larger forces were much lower targets during the war against Japan involved: Iwo three divisions in four Okinawa; any hope of reinforcement is the enemy has been used and of course very much stronger during the opposition of these islands as at Inchon expected, the naval force has to isolate the target and refuse. In Inchon made it by air and sea and effort possible, according to the commandment previously for the plans of the bridges on a degree of insulation of the battlefield. But while trains, ships and trucks also could be excluded, only there was no guarantee that she was able to concentrate a large number of pedestrians enemy of night against the bridgehead. Eighty former Admiral Rodgers had an estimated 5,000 soldiers would be enough to capture a contract. Since then, things had changed. There it was the only signs for the fishermen of Chemulpo where previously a considerable town, developed during the events of the last few weeks enough, showed that the enemy has modernized military techniques lacked room now. The task of the 1st Division Marines, as a force of 25,000, landing with a Korean army units should land to capture a town with a population of about 250,000 people and then go without losing momentum, Kimpo airfield, less than 12 miles, D + 2 to capture. The affected area was similar to Saipan, where three divisions to attack with another committed in reserve held where it no more were protected by the vastness of the Pacific Ocean and the power of the Pacific fleet cities, where the difficulties were delicate, hydrographic and the flanks of the assault force. Strengthened, was starting with D + 2, until it reaches a thickness of more than 70,000 advance corps to capture of Seoul, the capital and largest city of the country and press on then until contact was made with the eighth army from the South. How long do you take was problematic, due to the great depth of the rotary movement. The distance between the 140 miles, from Philadelphia to Washington, more than on the beach in Anzio, where the support of four months took landing and the forces besieged in the perimeter every airline comparable. Although perhaps we the Earth at a distance of support units could assume the risks that introduction a small force inherent in the size, taking into account account added wear and tear of the Korean people's army and ’ committed to far to the South, the Inchon landings still has some tactical problems, fear of the naval forces, who should wear. These difficulties came mainly from objective area of the hydrography of the extraordinary and the configuration the port of Inchon. Flat water in Incheon, limited to the date of a possible attack within a short span of three days of each month; The rise and fall of the tide at the time of the attack on two short periods per day limited; narrow winding channels and limited the movement of ships in the last km 34 of the approach has the almost indispensable light low energy ships and arms like transport, loading and the LST type handling and prevents the withdrawal of an expedition amphibian of normal in the target-area-night. This hydrographic conditions were limited the development of this Korean Piräus. Although the second port of Incheon, South Korea ’ ability, an Army Corps was marginal. Capacity had retained its small handling had the dangers of shipping to the approximation and the flood of camouflage, which encircled the city with the draining of the marshes: where Pusan manage 25,000 tons per day, Inchon would manage less than half, the. Had no sources, and five posts from Anchorage in the tidal basin unfavourably compared to 30' with bunks to Pusan. Nor was the anchor of a species, which can absorb an invading army: Incheon, Korea measured on seven kilometres from North to South and 2 kilometres or less than in the West. Only about 50 boats can anchor here; a flow of two to three knots tide sets and out of the long shaft. Until the rear logistical problems can be treated, some media were to see troops on the ground. It was also difficult: the banks of ship movement more difficult maneuvers not only the lack of space inside the Bay and limiting opportunities to support the mosquitoes, but a notable absence of suitable attack has landing points. Of these only two were found, blue Beach in the South-Eastern part of the city, the Red of the West-Coast Beach in the true sense of the word, and beaches could be called only by courtesy. It is located at the opposite end of the city, they were split with a distance of four kilometres of water; lined by wharfs and jetties, stairs rise to their attack; within the limits, they were under attack. Neither the degree of difficulty, because between these landing points, to the port of Inchon, a path to the small island of life, marks previously known as Roze to commemorate the French admiral, island, the strong attack was the first arrival of Western civilization. This island, which dominates with its small satellite Sowolmi and divided external anchor in Inchon, it became known that have enriched the Communist invaders. Before the attack on the city, it could be considered his capture was essential. This strength reduction and the character limited front channels as a night how to transport groups and eliminate the possibility of surprise. Because he had to attack in two phases, it was decided to live a small force to the flood of tomorrow, and then, after the water had decreased and increased again in order, in the body of the task force for an attack to attract send in the late afternoon in the city. Neither the warning for the limited duration of this intertidal enemy. The necessity of bombing before the invasion of the ’ the fixtures of life, which extends the time of the warning, insisted that the attack was directed not against an isolated island, but against an area that could be strengthened. The ultimate impact of the tide of Inchon appeared in planning for logistical support. Small boats can negotiate only Blu Beach on the southern edge of the city. Only on red Beach in the North and the Green beach life of LSTs could bring and only during the high tides between d and 2-D. Nothing could be landed at low tide and behind walls lay the safe city radiates the place of performance. Decided to attack troops during the night was the day to allow j, lead LSTs landing at Red Beach and leave the tidal area, to the loss of these vessels in the interests of shoring the force to take over. For the first dry loads largely composed with flammable and explosive, the prospect was not enviable, but it has developed a system of maneuver, the faster than the Red Beach, as far as possible, the survival of these vehicles without mercy on possible compensation showed, and its content is of inestimable value. An overview of the situation were known, but despite the occupation of United States in Korea, he had no information and details were not known. Say Bank of mud Inchon would track vehicles? It gave the answer in 80 Rodgers ratio ’ years earlier, but that was the national security files and had no current information on the spot. How much are the pillars? What are the consequences for the reduction of the ramps of the landing, or trying to land the troops? Climb the stairs, the really necessary? What Springs, where appropriate, support the traffic? You will receive reliable information have driven personal army in Incheon had served in the Strait, and frequent photographic missions were set up, the air force flew a few photos of the actors and 1 September United States naval officer, Lieutenant Eugene F. Clark was friendly of Yonghung DOA island at the bottom with two interpreters, a radio and a few weapons 15 miles downstream Inchon. In the meantime, and then on the information available to the he the work of designers. After his arrival in Tokyo, Admiral Struble learned through personal questions to Doyle ’ Inchon, gave the order for the simultaneous engineering and has committed itself to give oral decisions when needed, as the work ahead. He proudly, was Rochester upon arrival at anchor in the vicinity of Mount McKinley, to keep personnel in the vicinity. For a meeting of the commanders of the future labor force landed in 30 Andrewes rubles, Higgins and Austin in Sasebo. And while planning further preliminary operating start: new areas and timetables to ensure proper preparation of the objective without excessive concentration the enemy, the operation prevented that by the personnel of the Struble assembled ’ for distribution of the vector forces on Lake Concord. If the concept of the operation took shape. Beginning of September and again in the days before the landing, three aircraft carriers of JTF — Admiral Ewen Unit 7 ’ fast carriers, Admiral ’ rubles British accompany the carrier triumph and a light carrier — work on the West Coast with his efforts converge gradually Inchon. Before the d day I life Cruiser and a destroyer bombardment took place. With the tide on the morning of the 15th of September a battalion life assault marine 5 team this dominant position of the corridor. Taken with the current 5 in the afternoon, around 1700, the biggest attack on the city ’ are two battalions of the Marine Corps and the Marines 1 °. While Navy is both regiments hastened is to expand his holdings in Kimpo airfield and the line of the river Han, the 7th Infantry Division (battleship) and the Corps of troops could be landed administratively and then work on behalf of the Commander of the Corps. During the bombardment and fire air bridge could be supported by cruisers and destroyers and air cover, support and air strikes. In terms of air, joint task force 7 was self-sufficient: complications of coordination or monitoring during the landing phase parades outside, except at the request of Admiral Struble, no aircraft in the target area of the FEAF only work D - 3, Brigadier of the Navy would while for the advanced stages of the campaign, the body was Navy and commanded by General aircraft with their own command of the air Tatticocomposta. It was the plan of the operation by the personnel of the 7th fleet, amphibious group and the marine infantry division. Inchon carried Pohang necessarily planning in violation of the rules and in record time. On 2 September, what the common and amphibian animal task will force operating ’ group has the order of operations and Marina had the intention to cancel most of the naval forces of the United States Division went to the Mount McKinley of Kobe, where he arrived the next day Doyle and General Admiral Smith. This speed in planning, as it was the case that brought problems. There was no time for joint training, without the possibility of parole. The staff of the Division and the task force planned to the below procedure without the benefit of the comment or opinion of subordinates and filled by her appearance made as alms on tasks involved Regiment commanders and units. The risks of a concurrent designs with high speed for a company as a whole the shipping are illustrated by the difficulty of the breakdown: very little due to the lack of information about the characteristics of the available ships, MSTS WestPac had 34 types of transport and cargo request invasion proved and 6 Settembremancanti 9, Captain Junker was called, asked for a further 11 boats. However, even if the absolutely authoritarian nature of the procedure and the pressure on those who took it, there were some flaws. 7 September Admiral Struble flew to Sasebo and Kobe to discuss with his subordinates and control from both ends. The main one, a commitment ambitious effort has been corrected by fast air carrier, was at the 40-minute meeting, for its participation in the operation could consider something Admiral Ewen. Was that an incredible cache of photographs provides you a personal vision of the experience of a soldier in the war in Korea. Stunning, full-color photos taken by Jerry Raimond while working for the army of the United States in the four years of war. More than six decades later, niece of Rosenstein Michaela ’ Mellen, decided to share the pictures and is dedicated to the thorough analysis slides. Talent: Jerry Raimond, pictured, a prison for the protection of the U.S. military, had hundreds of incredible photos of his time to serve in the dedication of the Korea war: 27 years after his death his Grand-Pere and not this non lo the Conosceva grandson Rosenstein Michaela Mellen of scanned slides to some amazing photos humor: collection of photographs provides a personal vision, which in the Coreeil war with over 700-800 slides of his grandfather fought more than six decades ago Ms. Mellen should work, Dozens of fascinating exploration and then downloaded images on the photo-sharing Web site. (AP) The war in Korea, 60, on June 25, 1950, a terrible conflict, the millions killed and left the peninsula in ruins, has been the forgotten war ” “ in the minds of many Americans. An aging body men, soldiers in Korea 1950-53, shrinks, you can never forget. Lot, physically, mentally, damaged, questioning their commanders left many scars and men ’ and wisdom of the nation ’ fought many enemies – not only the North Koreans and Chinese, but also heat, cold, and murder, the cursed hills, the thirst, hunger and dirt, incompetence and arrogance of his army and the indifference of an American homeland still fixed in good ” war “ world war, which ended five years ago. Map 11. The incident of the Russian bombers, 4 September 1950, click on the map for the picture in a higher resolution (107 KB). The intruder is made a mistake here. Looking for fighters from the nose down, greater speed and began evasive maneuvers, but move eastwards towards Korea, further west to China. The head of the Division, Lieutenant (j.g.) Richard e. downs, steel about him, to determine and reported a twin-engined bomber with stars red brand, the striker an error in made and opened fire. This was announced at the foot; It is allowed to retaliate. Its uncomfortable position on the mind of the Director made his career and spleen; How to starboard, its man made his wing and beaten; While article, the bomber and left on the engraving on the back of the aircraft began to roll in a wing. Now, the power to the Central Administration had gone and launched more fighters. Herbert j. Thomas, where was the enemy in the South and the plot then East and North of the observer discovers an explosion and charted a column of smoke into the sky, soon followed for a second explosion on the surface. Go to the location, the destroyer recovered the body of a Russian driver, but lasted a full hour artificial respiration brought no sign of life. Until digested, the consequences of this event might surprise other emergency occurred. Herbert j. Thomas was always still pick up the remains of the aircraft on the ground and tensions within the force was always high, when he received another urgent appeal for help from the joint operations center sortir questions 100 per day and decentralized control and provides two channels of FM radio. Once again all strike groups are underlined faced to force Southeast that increases speed and preparations to support the perimeter start operations were transferred. But this time was a State of emergency by a higher authority changed, as he informed the JOC ComNavFE CincFE carrier is quickly committed to other companies had, and that was the Navy capable of, more support than by squads of Marines in Ashiya. In the afternoon a second Flash of the fifth air force required, with the consent of the 100 outputs EUSAK, close 5 and 50% of the air until further notice and a representative of the task force for better coordination and planning support. But Concord answering this call simply send your answer before the game. Day 5, was an air in the air in the early morning in adverse conditions on North Korea, Admiral Ewen their strength in the South and the Japan. Sicily was still on the Court in Sasebo, but Badoeng Strait was implemented in the Yellow Sea. On the West Coast, a new crisis developed with strong pressure on the enemy against Pohang. 1120 KMAG Earth requested task force fire support unit, review the naval air attack support to search, which is less than a kilometre from the city is reached; Dispatch of emergency for this effect of Concord reached shortly after noon and was immediately sent rubles, task force 77, Admiral and Samuel with a request that all to help, if you can give. But the fast was 300 km and Jane had bad weather prevents Badoeng Strait flight operation. The immediate threat has been confirmed by the fire supply ships. Rapid fire 5-inch by Toledo and asylum beat an enemy attack destroyed tanks and artillery, while the additional supplied destructor for fifth air carriers from the army de l' Air for useful purposes. But heavy enemy attacks, Pohang lost again the next day and 7 North Korea won forces which had Hyongsan River South of the city, but still always not on the airfield to reach. Next in the inner things were even more threatened and commitment of 24 units of the Division forced a boost of Korea in the North, in the vicinity of Kyongju which ’ s EUSAK fled the reserve. But as he battles against back in the first week weighed ended in September, the forces of the far East have done the job. In the North, in the area of Pusan, the enemy of offensive further removed ’ overall significant results; Although Korean Naktong units in the Northeast and South of Pohang, the pressure drops again. In the second week of September, it was clear and essential ’ CincFE before s been. Despite all the difficulties, the eighth army succeeded in achieving the scope. Now everything on the basis of the Inchon was land. . On the walls: 1 ° USMC Lieutenant Baldomero López led his men and Red beach. (Photo #NH 96876) Click on the image for more information and photos. Fighting continued in the city, landing force of his initial stage lines had reached during the hours of darkness, but before midnight. The controlled Hill 5 Marines under the command of Red Beach, and thus the source of accumulation logistics and advanced southward in the tidal basin. 1 ° which had reached Marines designated blue Beach-land to the North and the command of the main road to Seoul. The price of the day was 174 wounded, including 20 killed in the battle, died of wounds disappeared and 1 1. As he had hoped, Incheon was too much. Enemy force amounted to only the Navy of 2,000 men 226 Regiment, a unit in the town of relatively new and inefficient. Low, move your goal in the South, in response to the operation of Lee and the landing at Yonghung ROKN the forces for the defence of the most powerless sector. This movement culminated in the day landing was like a force of North Korea Inchon, a classic coup in the air, on the ground that isolated and ROK passed the garrison came from PC 701. The Communists, what had happened left North woke up the next day and hastily on the African continent. The assault on Inchon strike force was correct problem to the swing inwards to keep, move and necessarily a question of logistics. The armies marching on the belly; supply problems, although often through the smoke of the battle hiding I always recommend; Incheon, South Korea, were the effects usually immediately. Support to the landing in the intertidal zone dark force must be carried LSTS. Lst landing should be at the height of the tides; Red Beach should be resolved as quickly as possible to protect these ships. You need an estimate loads six lst ammunition, water, rations, vehicles, and fuel; Eight had provided, in the hope, that he would survive on six. Recently renovated, beautiful, talented collection of groups, breaking and inferior materials, eight reached Inchon and 60 H plus principle came in at five minute intervals. Red Beach rifle and machine gun fire continued and lst came to tyre, not always with precision. We had hidden a minor with a ROK PC during operation shock and a few hits and enemy fire. But he has eight and four more were on the beach green life filed, after the DUKWs landed artillery and had withdrawn. In the past some of the most vexing problems of amphibious war to occupy itself with the Organization and the beach areas and the management of the supply of the attack. While these fine details of sailors and amphibian animal transport combat troops, was the second world war, that use, quickly inadequate. The result was the Organization and reception of marine battalions ordered party and beach on the coast, which, though require a great experience for the higher costs in relation to administrative costs and shipping was space. In the year 1840 H more than 70 Beach Group Commander of Navy Captain Watson 1 t. singer, comes in 883 LST and his command post at Red Beach located. In the night his men and the Marines of the 1 ° SPB with difficulty in emptying the lst tomorrow with the tide pulls back and make space for others be high. At the same time, one more night life, found where the Group-construction battalion ’ Beach was the installation of a floating dock, and where the lst of the Green Beach offers the driveway delivery have been downloaded. No effort, large amounts of cargo blue beach thanks to its low hydrography and insoluble approaches to pass; It is material for immediate consumption only by small boats sent was and beach completes 2100 more 1 of d. Despite all complications geographical and hydrographic Agency the logistics of the attack went well. The flood of the morning of the 16th, for the first time not closed LSTs and nine more than red Beach race saw all. the tide of the night, seven others were removed and six; Since almost 15 employes.l' year 2100, vehicles of 1 500 000 and 1 200 tonnes of cargo had been nailed to the floor. More D 2 Rear Admiral Lyman a. Thackrey, Commander amphibious Group 3, who had arrived from San Diego, Eldorado AGC was thus commissioned, port operations and settled on the floor with his staff. There, his presence made sense, they coordinate the work of the Group of Beach the exhaust not decimated in the three areas related to the establishment of a program to download and type in the operation of the inner harbour. Speed was important, the end of the tide spring by D + 3 inaccessible beaches for LST, and here is the speed. Day 16-crane had landed in the life and on the other side of the road, that unloaded r't basin, where on D + 2, much earlier than expected start to move. The first delivery of Echelon had by D + 4 has been emptied. Three days later, 6,629 vehicles and 53 882 people were discharged on the ground, and tons of goods 25.512 more than doubled body X target figure for this date. Certainly read numbers like these make to dry; It takes a leap of the imagination, the tonnage of ammunition, for use over water, food and plasma; But even these numbers of victories. If the second Brigade of the engineer ’ extraordinary took control of the area of limitation of liability the Inchon switch port, everything else as a catchment area by the availability of transport. It was of course, logistical afloat as on land. The movement of the force attacking from Incheon and activities a large and wide by other units of the new joint task force 7 is the load of the service. In the weeks before the supply of invasion of ships concentrated fighters increasingly in Sasebo, which had already acquired the characteristics of a large naval base. But with the transfer of part of the naval forces of the theatre on the coast West of the Korea, Sasebo backup task got in the service of Captain Wright Division ’ 31 and Servron 3, she ascended from Okinawa in early September has been deployed forward in the goal area. Four working groups were created for the logistical support of the chromite. On the needs of task force 77, a group of mobile logistics with two grease guns, a rising and mount Katmai, always ship was only ammunition in the far East, at the train station in the Yellow Sea. Employment towing and rescue the tug and the buoy as Mataco of the target area with shops, food, fuel and ammunition ordered included in Incheon, the weapon loaded with five ships of the logistics. Support for the follow-up of ComServron 3 delivery and maintenance this logistics group: lubricating, a fuel tank, two destroyers, two boats offers repair, two types of loading more and budding. Under the reign of stroke complicated loaded with risky and the scarcity of lighters with the ship, a matter of time to transfer the ammunition by agglomeration of anchor, tides and currents made. All requested by the donor and the recipient hard work, however managed to and nobody was short. Soviet soldiers, hiking in North Korea, in October 1945 Japan in the Korean peninsula until the end of the second world war 35 years ruled. At that time, the allies decided to occupy the land temporarily until the holding of elections and an established Government. Soviet troops occupy the American troops in the South to the North, while occupied. Planned elections not arranged, as the USSR of a Communist State in North Korea and the United States each claimed a pro-Western State in the State of the Republic of Korea, he founded sovereign on the entire peninsula. This confrontation led to the war in Korea in 1950 ended in 1953 with the signing of the Armistice, but today the two countries are technically at war with each other. In the last ten days of August fell a truce in Korean. Reject in the South and that Ardennes Naktong large units of North Korea to break and rearrange the enemy, the losses were also heavy fighting around Waegwan and Pohang had led to defeat. But for the moment the Communists, which is ready to renew the attack, given the circumstances of increasing difficulty. A ten day campaign closer informal invaders was increasingly insufficient at the end of the second month, logistical processes and tent the deaths of soldiers from hunger began life abroad with one half. For certain articles, by foreclosure, it was broken after the attacks on the communication of maritime and aviation. Despite the resort transport, transport of horses and oxen, and movement during the night, the enemy ’ efforts were not enough allow the continuation of the offensive. Not only his time stated but morale suffered and it was proven the efficiency of operations of the United Nations for the growing number of prisoners. Now the issue of the district, which has become important. In Korea the extraordinary spectacle of the two opposing armies, had surrounded almost every enemy forces and each is developed from a distance. So the enemy by far at the main part of the peninsula of Korea, the sea, surrounds the air more and remained unchallenged areas of the UN controlled. Pressed against the Pusan perimeter, their hips and communication have attacked constantly. At night and in bad weather were the happiest moments that could walk upright during the day NKPA, but UN soldiers. Supply the Northern lines have suffered, but Pusan was a thriving port. In this case, both sides against the clock ran. The arrival of reinforcements for the United Nations, meant more than perspective, the invaders, who must win quickly or not, nothing. The problem was for the United of Nations to keep its edge, a counter-offensive to shoot the rope around his neck and then operate Pusan Beach to prepare. The last ten days of the month of August, feverishly trying to solve the problems of logistics, high, the North Koreans saw were followed marked by important decisions at the level of Tokyo, by a total to an amphibious assault on Incheon in the time of the tides of September. General MacArthur had received advice from the psalmist to the attack of the enemy's rear and put it in a perpetual reproach. But the delivery of the coup depended on the timely arrival of the 1st Division Marines and the speed with which she has committed. During this time of rest has stopped, blocked the work forces. The rate of acceptance of the measure on the scope and no problems preparing the counter concerned offensive of the groups on the coast and in the West and the ROK Navy. Tip Pohang fire support sat with one heavy cruiser and Division always keep a destroyer and to shoot the ship northward each night by a destroyer of enemy supply is in the rear. While this was working the shoreline of power, it has not forgotten two destroyers were however obliged Gare you North to block and sea attack on enemy still communication centres stretching north of a bombardment of iron and steel Center of Chongjin. This city of 200,000 inhabitants, fifty miles beyond what is in the South of the border and the northern boundary of the Eastern bloc important strategic locations on the western coast of the sea of Japan. Located in a Bay that opens to the South, Chongjin had protected internal ports by levees and equipped with cranes, warehouses and railway. in 1945 it was captured by the Russian Navy amphibious assault on short ’ Soviet war against Japan; current information indicating that there was a Soviet controlled zone was often visited by Russian ships stationed Soviet naval units, and the door. But now their previous release was canceled and have been violated the rules of safety of Russia. 19 Chongjin was shelled by the FEAF B-29, in the 20th century the destroyer Lyman k. Swenson in the North barrier patrol post, came from abroad 102 towers locksmith, port facilities, railway yards and stations, flame, the visible 18 miles from the sea have been removed. Two days later, boarded the destroyer, the Mansfield Songjin, South of 41 ° and in a night of bombing had severe damage to wharves and bridges of this mineral and wood and railway facilities suffered obviously, export Center. 23 Mansfield from Chongjin, the damage inflicted by Lyman k. Swenson, formerly with 180 shot 5-inch blend seen. Admiral Hartman 24, with Helena and four destroyers, Tanchon, reached unchanged in comparison to Toledo seventh bombing ’. Warehouses and rail vehicles were with the help of the helicopter has discovered, after which comes the Group North of Songjin, where heavy damage inflicted the roadwork and rail vehicles the next day. Behind the line to Pohang followed a period of comparative peace, 22, enemy pressure. The next day, a conference with representatives of the army aboard Toledo led to improve procedures in the dirty air. These paid as the cruises December 24 ’ Gunners had the pleasant experiences on an 8-inch shell at one end out a so-called tunnel with a deliveries and smoke of the other to see coming. 25 is a day of diversity as enemy tanks and weapons attempted at the same time an amphibious movement against the city under fire, and as the North Koreans through the use of motor boats and sailing boats. But these efforts ROKN and Admiral Hartman was defeated by small units and Helena came to relieve the aftermath, was the Pohang in the hands of the United Nations. Task force 77 had removed some pressure, 26, reinforcements moved back from 28 to 31 and EUSAK, support has been provided by the marine Aviator Siciliana. The last day of the month of August saw significant gains in market share of friendly forces. In the Yellow Sea, at that time Admiral Andrewes ’ unit of further stations on the West side of the barrier and to intercept enemy traffic around the end. Here the most important emotion was the appearance of two enemy aircraft, the first in addition to one month, one of them was surprised and has damaged the next day the British destroyer of Comus 22 and on the other hand, a ship of the Republic of Korea. The attack on Comus has a call for air produced cover of escort carrier, their efforts toward the end of the month near the army around the circumference of the other spent. Despite the difficult hydrographic conditions in the West, the block in the East seems to have been effective: There is no traffic patrolled by British units moved south to headlands and 28 August Admiral Andrewes a photographic reconnaissance of the coast with favourable results successfully established. But then the enemy had his efforts to the reduction of supplies from the North Sea, in the South and Southwest, who energetically tried, the movement of the war and the troops of the small vessel convey abandoned equipment. These efforts to improve the logistics of its southern flank operations resulted in a growth of ROK marine coasts. By Alvise, the extension of the ’ the Southwest tip of which s., ROK YMS 503 is found in Korea, significant activity on August 20 and 21. They involved three enemy ships between 30 and 100 tons and captured, sunk one and the third damaged. For a few days, there have been only minor, but 25 seven fights with the enemy coasting trade supplied. Pohang had the North Korean landing attempt. Twenty miles from Inchon PC 701 sank a large sailboat. In a small estauary this Onofrio YMS 512 sank a cargo of 100 tons and another 70 tons full load and strangled in these two enemy troops. Namhae island on the South coast of 15 14 504 small sailing boats found damaged YMS. But the great work of the day comes from YMS 514, which sank three ships and the damaged eight to three periods in less than three hours to separate. Even lower for a time, but emotional PC 31702 sank two big boats, and another near the town of Jenni had been damaged. In addition to the activities more and more of the enemy on the southern front and ’ Concord fears previously for coastal traffic in the vicinity of the island of Namhae, South Coast measures at the opening of a new train station fire support at Chinae, a Bay, the Ted-ni and Masan, to access to water, at the southern end of the perimeter. On 26 August the destroyer, who was assigned to the wiltsie, works Division and this service to support the 25th Infantry, is continued by several vessels in rotation until the end of September. This effort by Chinae, given the fact that the Division more established 25 pieces of fire, in contrast to a spontaneous in Pohang, be provided. From 21 to 25 August, while the size of the perimeter Mientras el continuo Tandis que le Perimetre de continuo de Perimetre of Mientras el continue normally quiet and busy pages, task force 77 was regenerative in Sasebo. Visit 22, Sherman, who is the Commander in Chief of the Pacific fleet, came up with the aircraft, after a short trip to Pusan, Chief of naval operations, Admiral and Admiral Radford, force and the Commander seventh fleet lead since his appointment in the operating from Incheon to inform. 25 was Admiral Struble late command of the fleet of fast carrier task force as Rear Admiral Ewen, carrier Division 1 Commander. This time at Porto, inevitably meant the closer examination of the vector of the rapid employment. Concord had already completely passed the party and 22 strategic seed in a message to CincFE, argues that the best results strikes North of 38 ° c, where many targets lucrative and profitable extremely there, although the impact on the front of him with a certain delay. This recommendation was accepted by general MacArthur and issued a new schedule, the a similar previous output stream provided: two days on the coast is located since September 26 per day for food and transit and two days of attacks in the West. Any costs on the first day, the farm support and ban on the divided; While passing the first priority for ban to other objectives of transport and track rail. This version was concerned followed by another in the CincFE, considering the current calendar, a collection of air as possible enemy, as evidenced by the attack of Comus; FEAF and task force 77 summoned, place emphasis on the ban on the air and avoid damage to promenades, reject use of the enemy's 39th South airports. Finally a request for cooperation in the destruction of the North Korean specified bridges, that FEAF was approved by Concord, as long as it is not incompatible with the previous regime. Some consolation a breakdown of fourth EUSAK was part of a global effort to support the extent. But the autonomy of the capacity was highlighted, in an Office that has 24 Concord reported CincFE ’ decision, freedom of action in the northern regions, in relation to the date of the attacks and the targets, the Commander of the task force to give. If end of August the frustrations of perimeter and attractions due to its overall effect. Except in the case of which genuine emergency support from the fast carriers, and within the framework of the Korea war, the task force 77 was a surprisingly independent force end. Shortly after noon, 25 August Admiral Ewen so far: their ships from Sasebo for operations in the sea of Japan. Another consequence of Comus, flak sequence found practice during publication, but a submarine, then evaluated brought a sudden closure of the exercise to false. Enemy lines of communication were cut, 26 have carried out attacks on targets of opportunity, and a new attempt to support ground forces. Three flights from Valley Forge F4Us and indicate attacked the troops, tanks and truck with good results and two reported, that despite the full radio controller workload satisfactory was channels. For air Group11 of the Philippine Sea, the day began with a sweep of the Jet attacked the troops in a tunnel North of Pohang, followed a fool of gannets and buccaneers in a concentration of vehicles West of the Nakdong. It ended with a different Jet, headed by Commander Ralph Weymouth, air scan ’ the new Commander of the group, which reported good results: in the hills northeast of Pohang had an attack in strength of the battalion was interrupted by the bombing. West of the city had established, air traffic controller is competent and machine guns extends less than 100 m of friendly forces. Flight operations were successful, but ordinary as a force of the Sonarmen Ullung, who had followed the destroyer crossed by leaping through numerous contacts, due to frequently by the island on whales. During the night as the carriers have been launched steamed North and 27 against transport and other destinations on the coast of Wonsan-Chongjin and shipping in the port of Wonsan. These attacks have been described by the Commander of the task force as more profitable than Eve ’ are working to support the troops. But in an effort to support the comments seem, to a large extent from the memory of the previous chaos came thought: even though the pilots reports shows an improvement of the results to support the routine tasks, the trouble has characterized as inefficient due to poor communication, radio, indiscipline and bad checks. Open August in an atmosphere of crisis. All calculations Korean problem had struck down at the beginning of advance for the quick victory is dead and the command of the United Nations for the unbearable asks him whether he to keep would be in the situation on the Korean peninsula, or if their forces into the sea could be thrown. Space has been sold so far outside of the time, but both were now short gas supply materials. It was a natural defense, the line of the Naktong River. When this is done, it is to turn time and fight. Map of 14. The assault on Inchon, 15 September 1950, click on the map to see the picture in a higher resolution (207 KB). Two approaches to the Yellow Sea, fly to Inchon, so sudo or West or sudo Tong transported these channels near shore fishing. Although their currents stronger up to 4.5 knots in a wave and almost seven to reflux, sudo offers less risk to navigation and was chosen as the location of the approach shot. Shortly after midnight on the 15th day of which once more then sudo came fire support group, and towards the North, this time Captain Norman w. Sears, the third BLT, accompanied 5 Marines in attack by attacking first taken. The destroyers from LSD Fort Marion, with three LSU loaded arrived, promoted big tank in his throat and the quick and Diachenko, Wantuck. Boats, now accompanied by Mount McKinley, brought even more cruise ship. As the vessels at high tide, navigation radar in tortuous step are rich light on the port ’ mouth went: once you've found the Palms still in operation, Lieutenant Clark belongs to the Oriental adage that it is better to light a candle than to curse the darkness. Offshore had stolen in the dark before dawn, task force 77 the first combat air patrols, patrols the barrier and deep strike, which should assist in the course of the day, while Admiral rubles ’ Group launched ten privateers for life earlier assault landing. The observer for the shot patrolling performed air combat and group Ohmega station 0528, when the group first strike in the air towards the Centre of the Mount McKinley reported. At this time, the advance attack group reached their destination at the port of Inchon and life, no longer is a threat, has been updated with the constructive use: docking station with the island between them and the battery side of town ’, Sears ’ ships Captain retains his troops without disturbing the boat. Power ran at 05:40 and 0600 stormtroopers were shipped and the landing boats were awaiting the arrival of L Hora signal revolving landing on the ground. Over the head of the first hits of air guide turned his plane and began to rise. L - Hora, who preceded a bombardment of 45 minutes at 06:30. North of Mansfield, brand live on the refuge and Swenson, shots on the island and the northern coast of Inchon; in the South of the island Collett, and Henderson focuses in life, Sowolmi and the ’ shore south of the city. Fire supports southern Toledo and Kenya gap efforts between Incheon and blue Beach area, while Rochester and the Jamaica area behind Blu Beach and take on the right side. Any opponent of the reaction at the end of life on the road, that were in paradise and Collett, Inchon, responsible examines will merged with VT during the bombardment, Marines bombed continued the escort carrier as a privateer and fired for this surface with ammunition the island. At 0615, at least 15, three ships, with the help of 5 1 000 inch spin stabilized rocket exceeded beach life, green ’ Punta Norte s and let go. 0628 while he was moving, that the three clearly crossed the line of departure LSMRs, the first wave of landing and inward, while no longer the cruisers and two destroyers fire for the privateers landing Beach in front of punishment. 0633 the first soldiers ashore in a scene of devastation of dust and smoke and promoting resistance was negligible. Thirteen minutes after the first wave of the landed LSU continue came three Marion on the beach with accessories for the attack force which has started to restore their ten tanks. Thirty minutes after the first landing controlled the northern half of the island by the Marines was. Admiral Struble went to sea in a small boat situation recognition when an optical signal: the Navy and Marines have no morning shone brighter than it is today. MacArthur. Stop only to the Embassy for the fleet, installed Commander aboard his boat, I held at Mount McKinley, to collect some CincFE and went into the port for the study of life. The day was warm and inviting, everything was fine, that no action was necessary. Key in life had assured 0807 heights. Morning Sowolmi had been attacked in the narrow street and adopted with the help of an air-raid by pirates in orbit. Low total marine wounded 17. the small price paid for this important goal, with his rather elaborate 400 garrison men and their weapons and defensive work system reflects the effectiveness of the preparation. At noon, the goal was so insured and that he has stopped struggling. At noon, the water were removed also. Life, the Sun in September to do the Marines looked crooked from the road for a kilometer and Inudflats in the direction of silence city and the invisible boundary. In the channels approaching the truck and tractor groups are moved, but the main attack forces. But until that point the tides of the Moon brought no progress possible. However, even if the action had finished a quiet floor intertidal zone, weapons still at work were support. Hastily convened outer Minesweeper mines were so busy investigating the anchorages. Two observers consider the connection from Sunrise until sunset, tactical marking escort aircraft carrier, informed commanders. Every 90 minutes, every day, eight reported pirate sailors Incheon defense with napalm bombs and 500 pounds. Comprehensive support fast 12-door aircraft after their armament arrived, again at a distance of 90 minutes, the strike, delivered, who relieved his predecessor as a barrier patrol. These efforts, in the two hours before landing, 77 workgroup add, extremely armed three strikes, viewing of each eight. In a flight of the aircraft would carry three 500-pound bombs, the second of three pumps of 1,000 pounds in the third two 500 lira deposit of napalm and all maximum loads had the aircraft missile high speed. Fire support was a proposal for the whole day. The interval between morning and afternoon landing was divided into two periods, the first expansion less 25 H and the second H-5, for grants provided roughly equivalent with ammunition. Destination network areas were similar in the morning, but shooting inward inclined: Toledo ’ main battery was responsible for the North Incheon, Rochester was the area north of the tidal basin and the region to the South and the East areas received her sisters blue Beach, Kenya and Jamaica. In the middle of the peninsula on the tip North Beach Qunn Rossa to tidal, salt basin across the spectrum of the Blu sea was assigned to the destroyer and cruiser ’ secondary batteries. Last but not least, the problems relating to the decision of Incheon landing was the difficulty of the army is not the city or for the population. It was destruction of the emergency, but Admiral Struble commissioned the maximum accuracy and warned against unnecessary destruction had. All keystrokes have been tested; Ships helping in the areas assigned to the fire, the known military targets were clearly marked and should be dismissed only without air and unique identification. Gradually, the water rose. Transport and ls 1300 and in the course of the evening, his troops began with the boat. Task force 77, sea of Boxer, these travellers Ocean been strengthened veteran who had stolen after delivering its cargo of aviation F-7, 5A on the West Coast, returned has embarked on a plane, by the fleet, Atlantic, and the Tower of the Pacific of the new country. Boxers have fought to Kezia, now arrived, preparation of strikes and Manchester accompanied by two destroyers, in time for the start of the beach,. Havoc had but three fast crossings, yard period was indefinitely had moved and tomorrow also what a limited error multipliers of the carrier for three axis steam for so long promised. 109, which is a medical assistant low to avoid enemy fire, to give first aid while the wounded marine on a hill to the North of Hoengsong in March 7, 1951. Yankee was injured in the head moments before shots from machine guns located near Hillcrest sweep. (AP Photo/John Randolph). While this counterattack from the South to progress, the United Nations and the naval forces of pressed air their efforts against the enemy ’ the extended lines of communication. Continuation of coastal patrol and blockade that bombing by air and sea transport will attack, they continue in the strength gains. Entered naval aviation as well as the reinforcements and the daily raids of Samuel ’ were growing fast. In the last days of July, General Stratemeyer CincFE bomber B-29s some of them until then under the parallel and prepared in the North against the enemy attacking ’ complex and its urban transport network. End of July 77 task force retreated to Okinawa for logistics and air support of the perimeter was responsible for naval escort aircraft carrier. Among these, Sicily was the first in action. On 2 August, she takes their projection for ships on the South of Kyushu and the next day was VMF-214 on Board of the aircraft from Itami. In the afternoon, he flew the first coup d ' état against the North Korean troops in the vicinity of Chinju, South Centre and opposite the Nakdong concentrations. 4° conducted several strikes against the enemy in the region of Chinju and Sicily group steamed into the Yellow Sea and heading north. It is a further development in three dimensions international 5 days took place. Defended by the love and the Cossacks, Belfast and tarnished Kenya cruises approaches dangerous Inchon, unless by a VP 6 gun bombarded Neptune positions, factories and warehouses storing oil. The hunt for the aircraft position received by some pirates ’ s and Sicilian attacked, transport and industry in Seoul-Incheon. The Marine Brigade was not yet in action and activities had not started close support, but recognition of the fence is now implemented in practice. Their suspicions aroused the anti-aircraft defense of a plant in Inchon, a driver called the last 50 feet out the window to see a concentration of vehicles and again with the situation, going to, by leaving a bomb napalm in the building. Day group 6 in Sicily as targets of the attack in southwestern Mokpo, Kunsan, Destroyers and their accompanying troops on the South coast and moved the appointment with Badoeng Strait. On the coast is the last stage of the expedition by Pohang dismissal ended, when Admiral Higgins Toledo arrived 26 July. The arrival of the heavy cruiser showed us a handy addition to the destroyer of the battalion of services and off-shore artillery and fighter bombers F-51 Squadron, which had already expanded this isolated theater. With the flyers on the contenders of the land forces, these costs form a private war. lack of communication with the squadron of Taegu JOC just by Pohang operated. Despite the difficulties, it was quite a good coordination with the naval forces of the coast is, but there are always surprises. Helena August ’ the and a helicopter destroyer fishing F-51 driver by the sea which swallowed Japan, none of them was aware that Yongdok ships were sympathetic. 27 July 8 weapons were used for the first time against the invading army as Toledo fired on concentrations of troops, supplies, and finally with star shell lit day and night repeat. Attention retention of ammunition of this support is ongoing for 11 days and so efficiently 24 was the fire control of contamination from the Cruiser and destroyer, supported by a delimiter and advertising of air that has repeatedly here are stable. Cruise lines usually 7 000 metres from the coast, in Exchange for a personal contact with the forces ashore by boat, with the arrival of the first troops shipping supplies and provisions for a possible evacuation, the Higgins vessels ’ item found their whole days. On August 4, he has done a good job in a village near Yongdok in collaboration with air and fighters missiles: troops were scattered and fires were lit, if the smoke revealed firefighters compensation work was repeated the process. Point in the air and the Earth by telescope staff receive day 5, compliments after shooting with air in the enemy forward positions rewarding. From this moment, the situation appeared stabilized sufficiently to Admiral Higgins have, I felt a little lost-8 inch-shoot to harass the troops can request and receive permission to try something better. August 7 spent 70 miles north of Samchok look then district, where the element of activity stretches along a distance of 25 kilometers of coast, shooting on targets selected by aerial photographs. It destroyed a bridge over a small river crossings have plowed, dykes have in the street and two tunnels closed was dumped by the bombing and the collapse. Group of Admiral Hartman ’ Helena, meanwhile, was crossing the Strait of Taiwan, where he joined Juneau on July 30. Two cruisers and a destroyer of Division a small force of an invasion on a large scale are in particular an embedded on a fleet of almost impossible to sink to avoid junks. But it has not the problem led to, and in any case the 7th Fleet striking force remained in service. On August 1, the band is at odds, Admiral Hartman there is the coast of Korea, where observations in the region between 40 ° and 42 ° N. logged this time we got 1,000 cars air to their ships in the North, and after three days in logistics Sasebo once sailed. The bombing of the city of Tanchon 40 ° 28 ', Division 111 on 7 produced by Helena and destroyer in August, in addition to the United Nations forces north of the first RAID of Juneau scored ’ is located a few kilometres from an estuary in the place where two rivers, tempting Tanchon bridge Obiettiviun Tri rail and motorway and offer a few small factories. VP 6 air spots until nightfall, Inyecte force in the Central Court of the city and the damage by 75 per cent satisfactory at the railway bridge. The only suspense of the day was and made available by the late arrival of a Cuatro aircraft Air Force patrol fifth fighter showed no IFF the batteries, visually only once detected had been released. After you apply this pressure in the artery of the Northeast, the wine of the Helena group in the South during the night and the next day was a road and a railway bridge near Sokcho, just above the 38th parallel. This work completed, Admiral Hartman relieved from liability for fire support of Yongdok and the Toledo Sasebo to replenish Admiral Higgins. On the West coast of Korea, Admiral Andrewes ’, turn now divided into three sections, a cruiser and two destroyers or more individual duties of bombardment and blockade accounted for. Here he had the war country was swept the last fire support is not necessary and the numerous islands and the waters bordering the school Costa made the interception of sufficient disclosure of the task. Day 5, order of CoinNavFE, the British commander has three stations Caporali Western barrier between 38 ° 08' e 36 ° 45 ', which remained, the availability of approved vessels is equipped. Work to improve cooperation with the ROK Navy reactivation has been developed, and the block has become always more efficient. However, new problems in the South were caused. On July 28, CincFE ordered a RAID by small boats, to deny the invaders and on 1 August, as a result, the enemy and defeat in advance Hadong, Concord was Rear Admiral Higgins item charged ’ Luosey ’ Commander of unity and ROKN to harass and hinder the movement of the Earth and water in the vicinity of the island of Namhae. 8. what underlined the importance of this high-level estimates, which indicates that the enemy had reached the end of their supply line was missing in particular from gasoline for tanks and trucks and efforts in the provision of maritime transport. However, he was already fully occupied to West marine Korea. Sank on 3 August the ROK YMS 502 seven ships the Kunsan in invoice provided; sank four days later and 30 miles, two motor boats, while other Korean units destroyed four small junks North approaching human Haeju on Incheon. Completed in the ninth, an important step in support of operations on the West Coast, as a LST olla do, an island 40 miles off the coast of Kunsan, sailed to create a base of power, the return of the advance of ROKN 300 miles after Pusan eliminated. Since the Koreans in other places, the units of the Commonwealth be and exposed in the United States in the South. On 2 and 3 August, the destroyer patrolled area Higbee Namhae without beaten without the movement of the enemy. In the night of August 4-5 underwater demolition team fast transport Diachenko bridges North of the town of Yosu railway, tried to steal a natural enemy of the dam of the movement from a sea to another. But the landing force was repulsed Korea in the North, which unreasonably arrived by truck, the patrol and Diachenko was shipyards track 40 minutes even with a flood of content. Four days brought imaginative B-29 after a report of concentrations of heavy trash near the town of Yosu the Canadian destroyers, Cayuga, and Apache in combing through the speed of the southern flank, but with negative results. The 12th destroyer Collett, the Admiral Higgins ’ activity element, steaming in the Gulf Yosu to bombard the city. In the first days of August, this coastal activities were continued, the seventh fleet striking force anchored in Buckner Bay remained. In the meantime Admiral Struble visited Formosa, accompanied by general MacArthur, planning and improve links against the possibility of a Communist invasion. the carrier of the sea of the Philippines came from the United States and Admiral Edward c. Ewen, carrier Division 1 Commander, flew from Pearl and on Board reported. In Tokyo at the same time also more operations and air try, the coordination as possible to achieve. The first step in the direction of the network of sea and air activity increased when prompted FEAF is strike in North Korea. A second soon followed with General Stratemeyer ’ application of operative control of all aircraft in the theater and with ’ the letter delegate CincFE control coordination for the Commanding General of the FEAF. The new measures with the train were in early August. Day 3, while the General MacArthur and Admiral Struble Formosa, a Conference in Tokyo, where Samuel considered four generals and Colonel with Captain, two captains and two Lieutenant commanders. The result was that a memorandum of understanding see before that the first priority for the business activities of the company in close support, second priority the 38th would be strikes parallel to the South to prohibit and the third priority objectives of bomber command on this line also. Coordination of the attacks in the South of 38 ° was to lie with the Fifth Army Air. the targets of the bomber command must have permission of the FEAF attacks. Storey, were named after the letter, for the use of the vector and divided into six operating sections, which correspond to the peninsula, designed. C, the use of half of the aircraft, to support the troops and the other half by the ban in the given area plans; Plans, E, and F, if attack only affected zone; Plan D calls for close support. This focus on the support of the troops does necessarily mean that carrier would largely fall under the control of the DEEPTI, fifth air force in Korea and their joint operations center. Apparently, there was nothing about the arrangement, which would have probably only ran illogical and similar conditions only sit Concord escort carrier. But prohibition killed the command at the highest level in addition to work against control, coordination, commitment to supporting functions almost insoluble in the treatment of tactical aircraft such as the dogmatic differences as well as the problems and the inadequacy of the listener control mechanisms against the efforts of a considerable difficulties bring force. Support the work best when revealed that the seventh fleet could be profitable and necessary against the North Bridge and other targets of communication used; in times of crisis, the perimeter has worked little or nothing. Before this unnecessary use of their considerable power and were not on the agreement, consulted, Admiral Struble has refused to accept their definition of tasks and missions and the seventh fleet soon tried to cross the perimeter. Middle of the month the primacy of close support was ineffective; the movements of the seventh fleet were referred to by the journal CincFE expeditions; and concepts and hob, under the Protocol of 3 August tend to separate, with the name of the letter indicating the area only to be attacked. With the completion of the planning phase, I had finished a phase of the operation. Shipping was available, and a calendar of the movement work, generate the body of X on the target area. a manoeuvring system was developed to overcome the difficulties of Inchon; Support forces were present to deal with any foreseeable risks. September 11 plan was implemented for operations joint task force 7 a minute after midnight. Had a slower delivery already left. But no military plan is based on certain assumptions and chromite was no exception. The basic concept behind not only the principles, is the completed first and second phase of the Korean campaign, but it's Pusan perimeter there would be no significant change in the layout of the enemy forces, and that the invading army would remain the most committed. That this case is booth in the Center ’ plan CincFE which can be described with the words of Wee Willie Keeler in beat ‘ em where they no ’, or the more martial analogy by general MacArthur, used to follow the example of Wolfe in his approach on the plains of Abraham. Were the beginning of September, that these cases are met. He strengthened the scope, the eighth army was and the people in the army of North Korea ’ was absorbed by South Korea. Great and effective, had although this power was revealed, the defects of its virtues. The Chief of them was a lack of flexibility in the field of transport and logistics, which is already strong, the Communists had stressed feeding by the effect of the air and the lines of the naval attacks. North Korea could still push on the edge, but a rapid redistribution and flexible problems were almost insurmountable. The last and the most important aspects of the ’ hypothesis CincFE speculated that the enemy would have received no significant strengthening. In Korea, that UN intervention had fully the strategic framework amended, first delayed, then a campaign staged threatened as a glass floor with frustration. The assumptions of the invaders proved to be wrong and agonizing reappraisal planners and regions beyond the Yalu and the Tumen was imposed in North Korea. To continue the offensive, hoping to bring the armies of the United Nations in the sea before the situation could be stabilized, the natural first reaction had been. But to important forces and capabilities of the United States Navy amphibious notes must necessarily raised the specter of a landing on the back, a review of the situation and the possibility of supporting Communist brothers pointed out. So at least the possibility that they, in turn the fight to a higher level increase, by to supplying the North Koreans with reinforcements from the ground or the air or under water. With regard to the first but Russian land intervention seemed unlikely, links used bad forces during the Chinese Communist concentration opposite Formosa for swift action. And if it was their employment in the lot to the maritime provinces and the Soviet air force, u-boats available, clearly distressed risk. In the air, perhaps, far East command ’ air and marine contingent could have supports a Communist offensive, but what is with the submarine warfare, the situation was quite different. Serious, taking into account the length of the line and the lack of escorts, a submarine offensive was in the United States with the possibility of defeat to accept or resorting to bursts of high-performance. Maybe this is appreciated by the other side. There is no such measure was taken over by the Communists, not this problem was addressed and ’ s assumptions, the CincFE kept almost completely. The enemy offensive was not weakened to defend against an amphibious counter-offensive. Although the Chinese had begun a redeployment in the North, ground supplied reinforcements not to North Korea; No secondary air or submarine had their occurs. But at a level lower and unknown the Commander of the United Nations, a swift response already taken place had in the form of a Minesweeper campaign designed to unsustainable compromising the naval forces of the United Nations and the Korean coastal waters. As soon as posts from July 10th mean South along the coast of the region of Vladivostok railway is turned on. A week later Soviet naval personnel had reached, Wonsan and Chinnamp 'o' o and found my school for his friends from North Korea. This reaction, which is fully justified in joy ’ Admiral for the North Eastern railway concern, was fast enough to overcome the mines before the seventh fleet and NavFE could perform limited forces. Some 4 000 mines Wonsan and 1 crossed quickly previous August had started, mining in this port and Chinnamp 'o' o. At the time of the Russian naval officers who have ventured South in Inchon, shipments of mine, that were broken 'o were transported' or Haeju, and before the bridge broadcasts Inchon in trucks at the end of the Chinnamp, Mokpo and Kunsan reached by train. These efforts to control of the United Nations of the sea was supported to thwart. Enemy storms reported in mid-August and patrol Wonsan and Chinnamp 'o' o, but in hindsight was this suspected aircraft involved in Minesweeper, intelligence is also not represented. Plans the company Concord, Commander of the 7th fleet and Commander, force attack while they were credited, the enemy the feature data mining limited said on Inchon, the available information are no minefields in the area, etc,.